Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

This argument is connected to anti development and

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Unformatted text preview: ollution prevention and renewable resource use • Farm acreage • Vehicle miles traveled and fuel consumption • Renewable and nonrenewable energy use Economy • Employment concentration • Real unemployment • Distribution of personal income • Health care expenditures • Work required for basic needs • Housing affordability ratio • Children living in poverty • Emergency room use for non-ER purposes • Community capital Youth and Education • Adult literacy • High school graduation • Ethnic diversity of teachers • Art instruction • Volunteer involvement in schools • Juvenile crime • Youth involvement in community service Health and Community • Equity in justice • Low birthweight infants • Asthma hospitalization rate for children • Voter participation • Library and community center usage • Public participation in the arts • Gardening activity • Neighborliness • Perceived quality of life SOURCE: Used by permission of Sustainable Seattle. www.scn.org/sustainable/indicators. 258 THE SOCIOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 259 A LT E R N AT I V E PAT H S T O S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T There is no single “radical” strategy that addresses the problems identified in the mainstream sustainable development strategies presented in this chapter. Instead, activists and academics discuss principles that should be embodied in alternatives. These place attention on redistribution of power and control in a manner that is also consistent with the managerial focus on power. Three interlinked themes are contained in the “alternatives” literature. Alternatives should be: (1) nonhegemonic, (2) grassroots and participatory, and (3) locally and ecologically based. That sustainable development strategies should be nonhegemonic is a reaction to the “one size fits all” development that has been applied throughout the LDCs. This argument is connected to anti-development and anti-colonial movements. For example, Ramachandra Guha’s explanation of the social forestry movement in India’s Himalaya (the Chipko movement) shows how th...
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