Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

This council has a broad constituency corporate

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Unformatted text preview: ’ Sustainable Development One of the outcomes of UNCED was encouraging countries to develop what are called “National Environmental Action Plans (NEAPs)” that focus on sustainable development. Many nations have established and are currently trying to implement these plans. Their purpose is summarized by a statement about Kenya’s plan: “The NEAP will identify the major environmental problems, lay out an overall strategy to deal with the problems and provide a very specific plan for action to be taken by government and the private sector, including NGOs.”70 As an incentive to receive long-term, no interest loans, the World Bank encourages countries to create NEAPs. International agencies, such as USAID, provide funding for developing countries, including Haiti, Madagascar, and Ukraine, to develop and implement these plans.71 National governments have also taken independent actions to incorporate sustainable development into their actions. For example, in 1992, President Clinton established the President’s Council on Sustainable Development. This council has a broad constituency: corporate leaders (CEOs of Ciba-Geigy, Georgia Pacific, and Chevron), environmentalists (leaders of National Resources Defense Council, National Wildlife Federation, and the Nature Conservancy), and government officials from agencies including the Department of the Interior, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Department of Agriculture. According to two key documents produced by the Council (Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Envi- THE SOCIOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 239 ronment for the Future [1992] and Towards A Sustainable America [1999]), the vision of the council: . . . is of a life-sustaining Earth. We are committed to the achievement of a dignified, peaceful, and equitable existence. A sustainable United States will have a growing economy that provides equitable opportunities for satisfying livelihoods and a safe, healthy, high quality of life for...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.

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