Section 3 - Interactionist Theories - The Interactionist...

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The Interactionist Perspectives The Interactionist perspective focuses on individuals and their interpretation of the  social world. Unlike the macro theories, who study the structures of society, the  interactionist focuses on the individual. They view individuals as creators of  society rather than puppets, who create the structures in society through their  every day routine actions.  Thus sociology needs to study how people act and to  understand the reason and meaning behind their action.        The Interactionist Perspective includes the following approaches: Symbolic Interactionism Ethnomethodology Phenomenology Dramaturgy Page 1 of 7
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This perspective was developed out of the work of George Herbert Mead.     Symbolic interactionism assumes individuals place meanings on objects in the  environment, and it is these meanings that determine behaviour in the society.  There  are three core elements to symbolic interactionism: 1. The Symbol 2. the Self 3. The Interaction The Symbol Symbolic interactionism assumes that individuals place meanings on objects in the  environment, and it is these meanings which determine behaviuor in the society.  Mead  claims that for sense to be made of the real world and the actions of other individuals,  there must be shared symbols, that is, symbols which assist in all members sharing a  common perception of reality.  The world is therefore composed of symbols which are  created by humans to give meaning or order in society.  Such symbols include language  which facilitates communication among individuals and which acts as a reference point  from which individuals can base interaction.  
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Section 3 - Interactionist Theories - The Interactionist...

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