124P_Fall_2010_MT_Study_Qs - Anthropology 124P Fall 2010...

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1 Anthropology 124P Fall 2010 – Midterm Study Questions DRAFT You will have the full class period for this exam. Three of the following questions will be selected by the instructor (you will not be given a choice as to which questions to answer). The questions are designed to be fully answerable based solely on the material presented in the readings, lectures, and section discussions – while we cannot stop students from seeking out additional information, we have no expectation that they should do so. You may not bring any notes or other materials with you to the exam. Each question will be weighted equally. Read each question carefully, and ensure that your answer addresses all parts of the question. Your response to each question must be self-contained; you may not cross- reference your responses to different questions. Your answers should be concise and to the point – including extraneous material will not help, and may hurt, your grade. The midterm exam will be held Monday, October 25 in the regular classroom (Fowler A103B) during the regular class period (8:00-9:15 a.m.); bring two pens (blue or black ink only) with you to the exam. Please review the Transportation Policy provided on the syllabus in advance of the exam. 1. a) Across species, sexual selection usually acts more strongly on males than on females. Explain why this occurs. b) Describe three human male morphological (not behavioral) attributes that are plausibly explained as being the product of sexual selection. c) For each item listed in (b), explain the adaptive significance (i.e., the ultimate function) of the given feature. d) Women seem to generally consider men who are taller than average to be more attractive than men of average height. By itself, this preference should lead us to expect that men would have become progressively taller over evolutionary time. However, it is likely that contemporary men are not substantially taller than were men in ancestral hunter-gatherer societies. Explain why men have not become progressively taller over evolutionary time. e) Compared to other mammalian females, women are unusual in that they seem to exhibit a number of sexually selected morphological traits. List two prominent morphological traits that distinguish human females and explain how these may have been produced by sexual selection. 2. Men are more likely to be involved in lethal violence than women. a) Provide an ultimate explanation for this sex difference. b) Some scholars claim that, rather than being due to evolved psychological differences between men and women, the sex difference in involvement in homicide derives from the differences in physical size and strength between men and women. Describe one piece of evidence that is inconsistent with this claim, and explain its relevance. c) The epidemiology of homicide closely matches that of other dangerous behaviors, such that
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124P_Fall_2010_MT_Study_Qs - Anthropology 124P Fall 2010...

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