Several illness are written about in module 4.3. The section was written to
explain how the stress can eventually cause us to actually be sick.
Module 4.3 is very
informative, and helpful. I will explain in further detail about the physiological factors to
the immune system.
Issues such as menstrual problems, and PMS (Premenstrual syndrome) where
discussed in the text. More then 50 percent of women experience discomfort during, or
before their menstrual cycle. Symptoms may include swelling of breast, bloating, weight
gain, cramping, abdominal discomfort, and food cravings. Psychical symptoms may
include depressed mood, sudden tearfulness, change in body image, and irritability.
Common symptoms of PMS include mood swings, anger and irritability, difficulty
concentrating, lack energy, insomnia or too much sleep, and physical problems such as
headaches. Premenstrual Syndrome is not full understood. There are probably no overall
differences in levels of estrogen or progesterone between women with severe PMS and
those with milder symptoms or no symptoms at all (Mortola, 1998; Rubinow & Schmidt,
1995.) Rather, it may be the woman’s physiological sensitivity to these hormones
that plays a contributing role in PMS, not their overall levels (Schmidt et al., 1998.) The
change of appétit can also be related to chemical imbalance. PMS symptoms can be
controlled. Daily exercise, dietary control, limited salt and sugar, vitamin supplements,
and hormone treatments can be helpful with either getting rid of PMS symptoms, or