52_100_Lecture_9_27_07

52_100_Lecture_9_27_07 - 10/2/2007 Introduction to Organic...

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10/2/2007 1 Introduction to Organic Chemistry Five general areas of chemistry Analytical: analysis through experimentation Biochemistry: study of chemical processes in living organisms Inorganic: concerned with the reactivity and properties of inorganic compounds Organic: concerned with the reactivity and properties of organic compounds Physical: application of physics to chemical systems Introduction to Organic Chemistry Organic compounds : compounds that contain carbon or are based upon carbon Originally thought of as compounds derived from living things or things that were once alive Ethyl alcohol (drinking alcohol) is obtained from the fermentation of grains The first effective treatment for the disease malaria was originally The first effective treatment for the disease malaria was originally isolated from the bark of South American trees Today, many organic compounds are synthesized in the laboratory
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10/2/2007 2 A “Shot” at Organic Chemistry Comparing an inorganic vs. organic chemist’s use of the periodic table The “Vital Force” Early 19 th century it was believed that the only way to get organic materials was to isolate them from organic matter The “Vital Force” was possessed by all living things and was The Vital Force was possessed by all living things and was uniquely capable of producing carbon compounds No organic compound could be made in the sterile glassware of a laboratory Friedrich Wöhler synthesized urea CH 4 N 2 O in a laboratory in 1828 NH 3 + HNCO CH 4 N 2 O ammonia cyanic acid urea
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10/2/2007 3 Methane: The Simplest Hydrocarbon
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52_100_Lecture_9_27_07 - 10/2/2007 Introduction to Organic...

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