GENDER INEQUALITY student copy

GENDER INEQUALITY student copy - Gender Inequality SOCI 200...

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Gender Inequality SOCI 200 Spring 2007
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Sex and Gender Sex refers to biologic male/female. Gender refers to male/female behavior Sexism: Structured inequality between men and women
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Gender Stratification Males and females occupy unequal positions in society Women: complete less education hold lower paying jobs hold less wealth own less property less social standing less power.
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Gender Roles Tasks and activities assigned to men and women Men: Leaders of government and industry Heads of churches Professions in law and science Women: Caretakers of children Nurse the sick
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Sexual Roles Heterosexuality: Men Who Have Sex with Women Women Who Have Sex with Men Transsexuality: A person of one biologic gender who feels he/she should be of the opposite gender. Heterosexual, Homosexual, bisexual
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Sexual Orientation Men Who Have Sex with Men Gays Women Who Have Sex with Women Lesbians Bisexual
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Gender Role Transvestite A person who dresses to take on the role of the opposite sex. Heterosexual Homosexual Bisexual
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Gender Stereotypes Men: Aggressive, self-reliant Women: Dependent Passive Nonassertive emotional
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Housework Women do everyday tasks Men do occasional tasks Women do 15 hours/week in addition to full-time work. Men do 3-4 hours/week.
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When Did Gender Inequality Begin Hunting and Gathering: None. Agricultural: Slight Industrial: Yes. Men had work skills. Women saw “housewife” as a step up. Viewed as delicate, needed protected Actually a step down
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Why the Difference? Physiological/Anatomical Differences - Women are not as big - Women are not as strong + Can stand more pain + Appear to handle stress better.
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Aggression is the one characteristic that is different. Testosterone may cause
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GENDER INEQUALITY student copy - Gender Inequality SOCI 200...

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