RESEARCH ETHICS student copy

RESEARCH ETHICS student copy - ResearchEthics SOCI200...

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Research Ethics SOCI 200 Spring 2007
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Ethics What is ethics? Moral principles or values Definitions of what is considered good or bad  by a society Why do we need ethical guidelines? Not everyone has an intrinsic set of ethical  values. In research, the desire to produce results,  achieve tenure, earn a reputation may lead to  unethical conduct.
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Historical Example a. German physicians conducted research without consent on  concentration camp prisoners in WWII. b. Post WWII, US AMA group was asked to develop code of ethics to use  as a standard by which to judge medical atrocities performed on  concentration camp prisoners.        c. Ten points about ethical standards were used at Nuremberg Trials.
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Nuremberg Code 1. Voluntary consent essential. 2. Results for society’s good, not  obtainable any other way. 3. Based on animal/other studies,  anticipated results justify study . 4. Conducted to avoid unnecessary  physical or mental injury or  suffering. 5. No death or disability should result. 6. Degree of risk not to exceed humanitarian  importance 7. Safeguards should protect from injury,  disease, death. 8. Researchers qualified. 9. Subject can end study. 10. Researcher will end study if too risky.
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Nuremberg Code Makes no provision for  Children Elderly Cognitively or physically handicapped Other international standards followed Corrected by 1964 Declaration of Helsinki No U.S. federal guidelines for ethical conduct until 1970’s.
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOCI 200m taught by Professor Albright during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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RESEARCH ETHICS student copy - ResearchEthics SOCI200...

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