SOCIETIES Student Copy

SOCIETIES Student - Societies SOCI 200 SPRING 2007 What is a society A society is a group of people Who are relatively independent Share common

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Societies SOCI 200 SPRING 2007
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What is a society? A society is a group of people Who are relatively independent Share common ways of interacting Would continue to exist if surrounding societies were destroyed. Have a common background.
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Needs of a society Physical Maintenance (air, food, water, warmth, shelter, sleep . . . Distribution needs. Not everyone has equal access to subsistence provided. Biologic reproduction Ability to transmit culture. Ability to protect members (inside and outside). Ability to communicate.
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Early Societies: Hunting/Gathering People lived in kinship groups Lived on what they could obtain from environment: fish, hunting, berries, fruit . . . Groups stay small because environment can’t support many people (75-100). Were nomadic; extended or nuclear and probably patriarchal Widely spaced from other families
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Hunting/Gathering Physical Maintenance (air, food, water, warmth, shelter, sleep . . . Had to keep moving to locate adequate food Everyone had to help. No surplus. Distribution needs. Breast feeding limited women’s ability to be independent from infants.
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Biologic reproduction: Not a lot of choice because pool of eligible people was small. Ability to transmit culture: oral histories; life span short. Ability to protect members: developing weapons was important. Little rivalry because little stratification.
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOCI 200m taught by Professor Albright during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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SOCIETIES Student - Societies SOCI 200 SPRING 2007 What is a society A society is a group of people Who are relatively independent Share common

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