Debary Summary2

Debary Summary2 - Early Chinese Worship Xia 2200B.C 1766...

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Unformatted text preview: Early Chinese Worship Xia 2200B.C 1766 B.C Shang 1766-1122 B.C Zhou Spring & Autumn Period Warring States Period 1122-221 B.C 722-479 BC 479-221 BC Qin 221-207 B. C Han 206 B.C 220 A.D Sui 589 BC 618AD Tang 618 AD 906AD Song 960-1279 Yuan 1279-1368 Ming 1368-1644 Qing 1644-1911 XIA 2200BC 1766BC Emperors Yao and Shun were divine, wise and unbiased Ideal dynasty used as a model/benchmark for later philosophers Yellow River was tame SHANG No written records of Xia have been discovered thus Shang can be regarded as first historical dynasty with inscriptions on oracle bones and bronze vessels Administration o Elites dominate highly stratified society o King exercised sovereignty by issuing orders to territories under his control o Highly developed craft specialization, administrative hierarchy o Agricultural surplus collected for large public works and war o Sophisticated bronze-casting industry Living used these bronzes in ancestral sacrifices and then placed them in burials Shang king would be buried with numerous retainers from all levels of society, showing how status was continued into next life Religion and kin inseparable from secular and political activities Oracle Bone Inscriptions Divinations performed in court Address an oral charge, apply hot poker to shell/bone, read forecast, carve subject and forecast into surface Served as royal prayer, conjuration, legitimation making up his mind, seeking validation Di Dis jurisdictions could overlap with those of the ancestors/Nature Powers, but Di was at the peak, responding to the intercessions of the Shang ancestors for their descendants below Could indicate that Shang had yet to develop orderly explanations for such large phenomena as Winds and harvests Ritual regularity accorded to Shang ancestors not the same as Dis, days named after them Another method of divinat ion based on sixty-four hexagrams. Classic Of Changes gives clues to the interpretations of this type of divination Over time, di used to convey idea of supreme ruler of human society, while tian used to denote power that governed all creation Tian & the Mandate of Heaven Cosm ic moral order, possessing intelligence and power that guides destinies of human beings Tian charges certain good men with rulership over lineages of the world these men and their heirs may continue to exercise this Mandate as long as they carry out their religious and administrative duties with piety, rightness and wisdom. Otherwise, Heaven might discard them and elect a new family to be rulers. Ie Shang kings were once wise and benevolent, but eventually grew cruel and degenerate so Heaven called upon Zhou chieftains to overthrow them....
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Debary Summary2 - Early Chinese Worship Xia 2200B.C 1766...

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