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ethics1 - the slides used for lecture in class

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What is ethics? Our answer: the philosophical study of morality But ( i ) what is morality? And ( ii ) what makes our study of it philosophical ( as opposed, say, to historical or sociological? Preliminaries PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of e crooked mber of humani no s aight ing was ever made .” Immanuel Kan t
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Let’s approach this question by making some distinctions 1. Personal Morality The set of moral beliefs you hold and act on. Your particular beliefs about which actions are right or wrong. The principles that underwrite your particular moral beliefs. (i) What is Morality?
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2. Conventional Morality The set of moral beliefs and principles that most people in a society act on ( or a least profess ) A matter of agreement Discovered by empirical research Napoleon Chagnon, Yanomamo: The Fierce Peopl e . Best left to sociologists or anthropologists What is Morality?
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3. True Morality Or Ideal Rationality or Rational Morality The rules and principles that determine what in fac t is right and wrong A word about “rules” and “principles” Some candidates for true morality: Utilitarianism, Kantianism, Virtue Theory What is Morality?
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It is
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