This chapter contains basic information pertaining to drilling
machines. A drilling machine comes in many shapes and
sizes, from small hand-held power drills to bench mounted
and finally floor-mounted models. They can perform
operations other than drilling, such as countersinking,
counterboring, reaming, and tapping large or small holes.
Because the drilling machines can perform all of these
operations, this chapter will also cover the types of drill bits,
took, and shop formulas for setting up each operation.
Safety plays a critical part in any operation involving
power equipment. This chapter will cover procedures for
servicing, maintaining, and setting up the work, proper
methods of selecting tools, and work holding devices to get
the job done safely without causing damage to the equipment,
yourself, or someone nearby.
A drilling machine, called a drill press, is used to cut holes
into or through metal, wood, or other materials (Figure 4-1).
Drilling machines use a drilling tool that has cutting edges at
its point. This cutting tool is held in the drill press by a chuck
or Morse taper and is rotated and fed into the work at variable
speeds. Drilling machines may be used to perform other
operations. They can perform countersinking, boring,
counterboring, spot facing, reaming, and tapping (Figure 4-2).
Drill press operators must know how to set up the work, set
speed and feed, and provide for coolant to get an acceptable
finished product. The size or capacity of the drilling machine
is usually determined by the largest piece of stock that can be
center-drilled (Figure 4-3). For instance, a 15-inch drilling
machine can center-drill a 30-inch-diameter piece of stock.
Other ways to determine the size of the drill press are by the
largest hole that can be drilled, the distance between the
spindle and column, and the vertical distance between the
worktable and spindle.