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Unformatted text preview: TC 9-524 Chapter 8 MILLING OPERATIONS Milling is the process of machining flat, curved, or Milling machines are basically classified as vertical or irregular surfaces by feeding the workpiece against a rotating horizontal. These machines are also classified as knee-type, cutter containing a number of cutting edges. The milling ram-type, manufacturing or bed type, and planer-type. Most machine consists basically of a motor driven spindle, which milling machines have self-contained electric drive motors, mounts and revolves the milling cutter, and a reciprocating coolant systems, variable spindle speeds, and power-operated adjustable worktable, which mounts and feeds the workpiece. table feeds TYPES OF MILLING MACHINES KNEE-TYPE MILLING MACHINE Knee-type milling machines are characterized by a vertically adjustable worktable resting on a saddle which is supported by a knee. The knee is a massive casting that rides vertically on the milling machine column and can be clamped rigidly to the column in a position where the milling head and milling machine spindle are properly adjusted vertically for operation. The plain vertical machines are characterized by a spindle located vertically, parallel to the column face, and mounted in a sliding head that can be fed up and down by hand or power. Modern vertical milling machines are designed so the entire head can also swivel to perm it working on angular surfaces, The turret and swivel head assembly is designed for making precision cuts and can be swung 360° on its base. Angular cuts to the horizontal plane may be made with precision by setting the head at any required angle within a 180” arc. The plain horizontal milling machine’s column contains the drive motor and gearing and a fixed position horizontal milling machine spindle. An adjustable overhead arm containing one or more arbor supports projects forward from the top of the column. The arm and arbor supports are used to stabilize long arbors. Supports can be moved along the overhead arm to support the arbor where support is desired depending on the position of the m illing cutter or cutters. The milling machine’s knee rides up or down the column on a rigid track. A heavy, vertical positioning screw beneath past the milling cutter. The milling machine is excellent for forming flat surfaces, cutting dovetails and keyways, forming and fluting milling cutters and reamers, cutting gears, and so forth. Many special operations can be performed with the attachments available for milling machine use.the knee is used for raising and lowering. The saddle rests upon the knee and supports the worktable. The saddle moves in and out on a dovetail to control cross feed of the worktable. The worktable traverses to the right or left upon the saddle for feeding the workpiece past the milling cutter. The table may be manually controlled or power fed....
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2010 for the course ENGINEERIN MECH221 taught by Professor Wetton during the Spring '10 term at The University of British Columbia.
- Spring '10