HomophobiaAndHeterosexism - GENEQ Gender Equity Resource...

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What is Homophobia? Homophobia is the irrational fear and intolerance of a person’s real or perceived sexual orientation. It can be caused by hate, prejudice, fear, and/or ignorance. Anti-gay violence and hatred created by homophobia are the causes for most hate crimes in the U.S. Homophobia has different motivations, but it always leads to hurt and exclusion of others. What are different examples of Homophobia? o Using slurs such as “fag”, “gay”, “dyke” to express dislike or contempt of someone o being outspoken about gay rights, but making sure everyone knows you are straight o changing seats or walking in a different direction so you won’t be too close to someone who is lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer (LGBQ) o if you are straight and assume someone who is LGBQ and of the same gender is attracted to you Here are some specific manifestations of Homophobia: Internalized Homophobia : The experience of shame, aversion or self-hatred in reaction to one’s own feelings of attraction for a person of the same sex. Institutional Homophobia : (can also be considered Heterosexism) attitudes and policies that discriminate against people on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity within governments, organizations, certain religions, businesses, and other institutions. For example, many groups have policies against LGBQ holding offices, the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy in the military, absence of positive representations of LGBQ in the media and movies, lack of funding or support for LGBQ events and groups, and proposed federal same-sex marriage bans. What is Heterosexism?
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2010 for the course RA seminar taught by Professor Rds during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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HomophobiaAndHeterosexism - GENEQ Gender Equity Resource...

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