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scanner@graniteproperties.com_20090918_105107 - NAME oplied...

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Unformatted text preview: NAME oplied Human Anatomy : Kin 324K, Test 2 , Fall 2008 1. Doing a flexion at the elbow with the hand pronated: fir: maximizes the force of flexion b. reduces the force by 40% of the force of the biceps brachii ((9 reduces the force by 40% of the elbow flexors )3”. cause the triceps brachii to act as a synergist A eliminates the c0ntribution of the brachioradialis 2. The small intestine a. maintains its shape through out the action of the tenia coli b. has an oblique layer of muscle in the muscularis c. has a anatomical sphincter at the junction of the ileum and cecum d. has simple columnar endothelial cells utilizes rugae to increase the surface area 3. Demifacets are found on the transverse processes of the thoracic vertebrae 7| found on the bodies of the lumbar vertebrae / allow for some rotation between C1 and C2 % are found on the ventral ends of ribs 1~10 )4, none of the above 4. The lateral end of the clavicle articulates with the: a. greater tubercle b. coracoid process @ acrornion process d . manubri um e. coronoid process 5. Which of the following enhance absorption in the small intestine? a. haustra b. rugae c. annualar rings @ plicae circulares c. all structures increase the surface area of the 6. The glornerulus is: a. the collecting tubule leading to the lesser calyx b. the fundus portion of the nephron gee) tuft of capillaries located inside Bowman’s Capsule the convoluted portion of the nephron which comes after Bowman’s Capsule. e. capillaries surrounding the loop of Henle NAME BID 7. The proximal joint of the radius and ulnar is a. a syndesmotic joint b. a hinge joint g) a pivot joint . is held in place by the annular ligament e. two of the above 8. The term u3ed to describe the outward rotation of the forearm, causing the palms to face anterior-1y is: a. circumduction b. pronation @ supination . protraction e. eversion 96(piratoy reserve capacity of a typical person is a 50 ml b. 750 ml 0. 1200 ml (1. 3000 ml e 4800 ml 10. During maximal inspiration the pressure in the thorax is a. 10 mmHg below atmospheric pressure b. 35 mmHg below atmospheric pressure 0. 80 mm Hg below atmospheric pressure (3 50 mm Hg higher than atmospheric pressure e. none of the above 11. The diaphragm is a. 100% slow twitch fibers b. 50/50 % Type slow and type Ila made of concentric rings of fibers pulls on the pleura about the lungs increasing the volume of the lungs . none of the above 12. Longitudinal folds of the mucosa and submucosa of the stomach are called: a. gastric folds fundic glands parietal folds transitional mucosa rugae 13. The atlas is a unique vertebra due to: a lack of a bifid spinous process a lack of transverse foramen modified demifacets to support the skull a lack of a body the longest spinous process NAME EID 14. The teres minor a. inserts into the crest of the lesser tubercle of the humerus b. acts synergistically with latissirnus dorsi has its origin on T17T4 £3 is an outward rotator of the humerus e. abducts the humerus 15. Floating ribs: a. have ligaments rather than costal cartilage that anchors the ventral end into the sternum b. their ventral end ends in musculature of the abdomen @ include ribs 8—12 . attach to the sternum indirectly through the costal cartilage of the 7‘h rib e. are attached to the vertebral column through the ligamenth nuchae 16. The action of the Teres major at the shoulder joint is: a. outward rotation b. hold the head of the humerus into the glenoid cavity ? abduction . extension e. none of the above 17. Surfactant is: released by the goblet cell to prevent break down of the epithelial tissue of the stomach is reduces surface tension between the waste material and the rectum neutralized the chyme as it enters the small intestine prevents the alveolar sac from collapsing by reducing the surface tension is secreted by goblet cells of trachea to envelope foreign particles 18. The action of the Brachioradialis is: @ flexion of the elbow . pronation of the hand abduction at the wrist c. d. Flexion of the wrist e. flexion of the thumb 19. The force of flexion at the elbow varies by position of the hand during contraction. This variation is due to the location of insertion of: @ brachioradialis b. biceps brachii c. brachialis d. remains constant at all positions of the hand 20. The head of the triceps brachii is always activated during elbow (a) lateral medial 0. long (1. short 6 none NAME BID 21. The urinary bladder 41/ controls flow into the bladder by the internal Sphincter @ utilizes the cremester muscle to void the bladder c. utilizes the dartos muscle as a sphincter muscle to maintain contenauce ...d./ is lined with simple squamous endothelial cells e. none of the above 22. _ h primary function of the large intestine is: a reabsorption of water and electrolytes from the feces b. absorption of amino acids that result from the berakdown of proteins c. absorption of fat that has been emulsified by bile d. a lymphatic vessel to control HDL cholesterol e. all of the above 23. Blood should not be found in the urine because of: a. hemoglobin is reabsorbed by the capillaries about the 100p of Henle ,b. the red blood cells are reabsorbed within the glomerulus slits formed by the pedicles of the podycytes restrict large protein from entering the capsule the efferent arterioles reabsorb the red blood cells before leaving the capsule e. all of the above l 24.1mpingement of the Supraspinatus tendon occurs: a. due to a weakness of the supraspinatus (9 due to weakness of the teres minor and infraspinatus c. can be prevented by strengthening the serratus anterior d. is due to an abnormally large greater tubercle of the humerus e. none of the above 25. The pectoralis minor: can cause depression of the shoulder girdle b. is a prime mover in horizontal flexion c. is a prime mover in extension of the shoulder joint (1. has its origin on ribs 1—7 e. inserts with the bicipitai groove 26. The annular ligament: a. forms a syndesmotic joint between the radius and ulna b. runs from the head of the humerus to the glenoid fossa c. serves as the aponeurosis for the palm d. provides medial support for the joint between the ulna and humerus holds the head of the radius to the radial notch of the ulna 27. A prime mover for retraction or adduction of the shoulder girdle is: a trapezius 1 b. trapezius 2 Q rhomboids d. serratus anterior e latissimus dorsi NAME EID 28. The subscapularis: @ abducts the shoulder joint upwardly rotates the shoulder girdle c. laterally rotates the humerus d. medially rotates the humerus e. is active in the first 30° of abduction at the shoulder joint 29. The lacteals are: 3. found in the villi of the small intestine b. are responsible for the absorption of fat c are part of the lymphatic system all of the above e. none of the above 30. A ruptured disc: 7 I occurs when the nucleus pulposus ruptures the annular rings occurs most frequently in the sacrum usually occurs due to the degeneration of the vertebrae occurs most often in the thoracic region none of the above 31. The flexionsextension of the head and first vertebra upon the dens of C2 is an example of a first class lever b. is an example of a second class lever c. an example of a third class lever d. accomplished by the muscular action pulling o the long spinous process of C1 6. accomplished through the action of the Trapezius 2 32. The functional unit of the kidney for filtration of the blood is the: . renal corpuscle ® nephron glornerul us c. d. Bowman’s capsule e. Loop of Henle “33. Which one of the following muscles does not help to abduct the wrist? a. extensor pollicis brevis (B extensor carpi ulnaris c. flexor carpi radialis d. extensor carpi radialis brevis e. abductor pollicis longus 34. All cervical vertebrae are easily identified by the presence of the: rib facets large spinous process mammilary process odontoid process transverse forarnina NAME BID 3S. Maximal volumes of air that can be taken in an out of your lungs during exercise per minute a 5—6 liters 20—25 liters 50450 liters 75—80 liters 100— 120 liters oracobrachialis: adducts the shoulder-joint elevates the shoulder girdle medially rotates the shoulder joint depresses the clavicle none of the above 090-5“ 36. 37. Which one of the following muscles does not helpin flexion at the shoulder joint? 3. deltoid b. pectoralis major c. coracobrachialis teres major e. two of the above 38. Lowering yourself from the bar during a chin up: is flexion at the elbow is flexion at the shoulder joint has the biceps brachii as a prime mover a & c b&c @aegs 39. Shrugging 0f the shoulders is an example of: a. upward rotation at the shoulder girdle b. elevation of the shoulder joint 0. abduction of the shoulder joint Q) elevation of the shoulder girdle e. adduction of the shoulder girdle 40. The cells that secrete hydrochloric acid are: a. neck cells b. zymogenic cells c. chief cells @ parietal cells e. mucoid cells 41. Which one of the following does not act to increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine? a. microvilli longitudinal columns c. villi d. plicae circulares 6. none of the above NAME EID 42. Which of these statements about the biceps brachii is incorrect? The tendon of the long head passes through the intertubercular groove of the humerus. The short head is attached to the coracoid process of the scapula. It is inserted on the coronoid process of the ulna. It has an origin directly above the glenoid cavity of the scapula. All of the above are correct. W 43. Which of these is the insertion of the triceps brachii? (Q olecranon process b. coronoid process 0. radial tuberosity d. greater trochanter 6. none of the above 44. The action of the Teres major at the shoulder joint is: a. outward rotation b. hold the head of the humerus into the glenoid cavity ® abduction d. extension e. none of the above 45. The most frequently torn rotator cuff muscle is a. Supraspinatus Infraspinatus c. Teres minor (1. Subscapularis e. Teres major 46. Spastic rhomboids a. Prevent flexion of the shoulder joint Prevent adduction of the shoulder girdle c. Prevent abduction of the shoulder joint beyond 100° d. Prevent downward rotation of the shoulder girdle 6. Two of the above 47. Chrone’s disease GD Develops due to high acidity in the stomach “In Is due to bacterial infection 0. Is an autoimmune disease K Causes weakness in connective tissue of large blood vessels e. Causes pharyngeal cancer 48. Which of the following muscles has its origin on the outer surface of the first nine ribs? a. pectoralis major b. pectoralis minor . subclavius serratus anterior e. rhomboids NAME EID 49. Flexor digitorum superficialis inserts into: gag middle phalanges of fingers 2—5 palmar aponeurosis c. distal phalanges of fingers 2—5 cl. flexor expansion of the index finger e. base of the first metacarpal 50- The summated surface area of the alveolar sacs of the lungs is: a. 0.8 m2 b. 8 m2 c. 48 m2 (Q 80 m2 e. 180 m2 51. The tidal volume of an adult at rest is: a. 250 ml (ID 500 ml 0. 2500 ml d. 5000 ml e 15,000 ml Give the origin (0), action (A), or insertion (I) of the following muscles 52. Pectoralis minor 1 covmcoi'ci ‘Proggss all gamma; 53. Teres minor 0 LIL/W \ODVCU/lr a]? g QflquLlpM 54. Latissimusdorsi I {gm m W611 @[ZbVfl 0i: haw 55. Serratus anterior A Mpggzglroi [ofdti’fm 0f: g‘homldflx Cal‘th 56. Triceps brachii 1 olgm’mg 0m flags 57. Brachialis ' IEAZMgKQfilig (i Mina: 58. Bicepsbraehii 1 r '55“ . l 59. Subscapularis I i 2 3% IA MAI Ag 12‘? 60. Brachioradialis /o/ Give a distinguishing anatomical characteristic of the following: 61-8-10thfib3 “finch *0 7"“ m b? Cami mamas 62.11&12ribs (“Oi “H—M'Wi’l‘O fit/anm) Plowing?) i—pObeéC flips “no affine/hm; NAME EID 63. Muscularis‘rl-ayer of théftomach “(ithin the G—I tract I ' M o ton/w W m .. .m— 64.tCrgxaf/03:€)1€“C\W mugm Wm “JP ho lamb/(2'2 lm’l‘l 65. ileo-cecal valve not Ct ‘l’fl/KL Stohfum 66. Describe why the structure of the alveolar sac and its blood supply is well designed for its function. SWPU éfimmw "OPI‘WIIDJP W+ ultra/us 4ch olffifiwfm. WWW 0P Mat/vice wan tarrac Suwanee arm Pm oh i m a. Describe how the structure of the small intestine matches its function well. 6fm‘pu COll/LVWW (ll/JD canth YWWYDVHU % vl‘lll Wt final/{(2% ' \H/U SMV‘MCX, a/Vm- ' 67. What is surfactant? What is its function? fiohmfllw SWflLcl MUM/LO Mlsw+ Madam ku +0 swat/mot /c Wafit Wl‘U/LM WWW log alwng in MM Wsmn 68. Describe two structures that prevent large molecules from entering the urine during filtration of the blood by the glomerulus. a Pentagjrmt‘tfiol cpt‘ml i um -- on oJLQmoS PM (1.0 05? '1?me Ma dz _ W beet/meme Memos Shw 1M § 69. Describe Why Marfan syndrome which is characterized by looseness of the joints is potentially life threatening. i: w or VK‘Q/CM \gflm e W at m dime/o sliced/l cm comma ‘lqfikfljl‘t Col/id Camera (MR Wtw. 70. Contrast an anatomical Sphincter with a physiological sphincter C - O » {Carmina c, Sphlnytw) 9 a 3‘ ‘ W“ W: W \m‘ ‘l \S ' \ e. o\ lome as? m‘btsgl’mvflmflfixg ...
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scanner@graniteproperties.com_20090918_105107 - NAME oplied...

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