Project Planning & Scheduling [Compatibility Mode]

Project Planning & Scheduling [Compatibility Mode]...

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1 Project Planning & Scheduling ME 434 Dr Han P Bao Dr. Han P. Bao Department of Mechanical Engineering What is Project Planning? • To determine: – What needs to be done – Who will do it – How long will it take – How much will it cost? • Something to think about: – Planning is the most difficult and most unappreciated process in project management Negative view of planning Planning versus action ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 2 – Negative view of planning – Planning versus action – “Nothing goes exactly according to plan” an often heard comment, yet planning crucial: it provides a guide, a reference point from which to measure and adjust. – Permeates every aspect of project management – The PM’s Lifeline
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2 The Key Constituents of Project Planning Problem Mission ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 3 Objectives Project Objectives • Must be clear, attainable, specific, and measurable Scope ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 4 Schedule Cost
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3 Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) • WBS is a visual model to break down the project requirements ( end items, tasks, resources) into manageable work units (Warner 1998) • Work Item: a smaller piece of the projec Work Item: a smaller piece of the project • Work package: lowest-level item of any one branch ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 5 An Example of Work Break Down Structure Car frame John 1 Materia Level 0 Level 1 1 Material John 1.1 2.1 2.2 3.2 3.1 3 Analysis Anna 2 Design John and Jim Level 2 ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 6 3.1.1 2.2.1 1.1.1 Level 3 Work package Work Item
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4 Responsibility Matrix WBS Item Work Item John Liz Bill Jeff Jack Kid Pam Sue Festival S S S P S 1 Promotion S S PP 1.1 Newspaper ads P S 1.2 Posters S P 1.3 Tickets S S S 2 Entertainments P SS S S 2.1 Stage S S P S ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 7 2.2 Audio & Lighting S S P S Other Elements of Project Planning (ctd) Activities: – A piece of work that consumes time – Description to reflect correct nature of work Network Planning techniques: To graphically portray all activities and their associations – Two common networks developed in the 50s and 60s: • Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) • Critical Path Method (CPM) – More contemporary networks: • AOA (Activity-On-Arrows) • AIB(Activity-In–Box) Gantt Chart (or Bar Chart) ME 434 Project Planning & Scheduling 8 Gantt Chart (or Bar Chart): – A very popular graphic tool because of simplicity and clarity of purpose – Major drawback: It combines planning and scheduling, thus making it cumbersome to make changes to the plan manually. Networks on the other hand separate planning and scheduling.
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5 An example of Gantt Chart Activity Responsibility 0 1 02 03 04 0 Research Jim Design Jim and Liz
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Project Planning & Scheduling [Compatibility Mode]...

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