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101studygdexm1PART1FA10

101studygdexm1PART1FA10 - Fall 2010 Feldman 1 INDV 101...

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Fall 2010 Feldman - 1 INDV 101: Structure of Mind & Behavior PART I Study guide for Exam 1 Italics indicate information from text you should know (information from the text that is NOT listed on the study guide will NOT be covered on the exam) See STUDY TIPS (also posted) for additional help w/studying Study Guide for Chapter 11 - Personality You should be able to define / describe / provide an example of / identify an example of: I. Groups of personality theories – different approaches try to do different things A. Psychoanalytic perspective – originated with Freud 1. Key assumptions a. The most important causes of behavior are motives, especially unconscious motives b. Personality is determined by the interplay of inner conflicts & their resolution c. Personality is set by adolescence 2. Three levels of awareness a. Conscious b. Preconscious c. Unconscious 3. Three systems of personality a. Id i. pleasure principle b. Ego i. reality principle c. Superego i. Conscience ii. Ego Ideal 4. Defense mechanisms a. Repression b. Denial c. Projection d. Reaction formation e. Regression f. Displacement g. Identification 5. Psychosexual development a. Fixation b. Oral stage (birth to 1 yr) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Mouth oral gratification from suckling, eating, biting
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Fall 2010 Feldman - 2 ii. major conflict at this stage? weaning iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage optimism, gullibility, dependency, pessimism, passivity, hostility, etc. c. Anal stage (1 to 3 yrs) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Anus gratification from expelling & withholding feces ii. major conflict at this stage? toilet training iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage anal-expulsive traits: messiness, carelessness, etc. anal-retentive traits: excessive cleanliness, orderliness, stinginess, perfectionism, etc. d. Phallic stage (3 to 5 or 6 yrs) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitals sexual curiosity masturbation ii. major conflict at this stage? Oedipal complex & castration anxiety (for boys) Electra complex & penis envy (for girls) iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage girls: flirtatiousness, promiscuity, chastity boys: macho/aggressive sexuality, excessive career/power striving; sexual/occupational impotence e. Latency stage (5 or 6 to puberty) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = none ii. conflicts/experiences Period of sexual calm Interest in school, hobbies, same-sex friends f. Genital stage (from puberty on) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitals ii. conflicts/experiences Revival of sexual interests Establishment of mature sexual relationships B. The Neo-Freudians 1. Carl Jung & Analytical psychology a.
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