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CH.1 KBATS - Vincent Tran Mr Judge AP Human Geography...

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Vincent Tran Mr. Judge AP Human Geography, Period 5 26 August 2009 CH. 1 KBATS KNOW Cartography- The science of making maps. Contagious diffusion- The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population. Cultural ecology- Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environmental relationships. Culture- The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition. Density- The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. Diffusion- The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time. Distance decay- The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin. Distribution- The arrangement of something across Earth’s surface. Environmental determinism- A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment cause by human activities. Equator- An imaginary circle that lies exactly halfway between the North and South poles Expansion diffusion- The spread of a feature or trend among people from one are to another in a
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snowballing process. Formal region (or uniform or homogeneous region)- An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics. Functional (or nodal) region- An area organized around a node or focal point. Geographic information system (GIS)- A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data. Global Positioning System (GPS)- A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers. Hierarchical Diffusion- The spread of ideas and innovation in a trickle down fashion. Hearth- The region from which innovative ideas originate. International Date Line- An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the IDL heading east (towards America), the clock moves back 24 hours. When you go west (toward Asia), the calendar moves ahead one day. Latitude- The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator (0 degrees).
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