Study Guide Exam 2

Study Guide Exam 2 - EthicalTheoriesandApproaches...

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BA Exam II Study Guide Ethical Theories and Approaches Approaches/Theories Utilitarianism Objectivism Theory of Rights Categorical Imperative Theory of Justice Ethic of Care Decision rule  o Focus on relationships and responsibilities o A lot of relationships in the world, ethical thing to do take care of relationships and take care of those  people. o Every right has a responsibility (focus on responsibility). Ex. If one of your workers is having problems, not  too quick to judge.  Your responsibility to help become more successful worker. Biggest pro o Protects the weak and dependent Biggest con o Neglects justice o Belief that all the caring for people has no backbone and shouldn’t be applied in the workplace. Example o Certain small, entrepreneurial businesses o Your suppliers and customers are people and should be called by their actual names, George Stacy etc. Integrative Social Contracts Theory Decision ethical if it is compatible with ethical rules/norms of the community in which doing business with. Community develops ethical rules/norms that are:  o 1. Authentic (supported by substantial majority of that community)  o 2. Allows members to exit when distressed about a norm  o 3. Allow community members voice in influencing development/evolution of norms. Rules should not conflict w/ hyper norms (broadly shared religious, philosophical, and cultural beliefs). Advantage     - Accepts variations in cultural norms without succumbing to ethical relativism Disadvantage     - Hyper norms are vague and hard to respond properly when norm conflicts with hyper norm.  Example     - Levis Strauss and underage workers in Bangladesh Virtue Ethics Does not focus on whether the decision is ethical or not but rather is the decision maker ethical.  Based on the  qualities of character he/she has to make the decision. origin as a philosophy credited to Aristotle Example.  Boy scouts’ character traits expected to be upheld; trustworthy, loyal, and brave. Person’s ethical nature made up in large part of which community they belong to.  Especially those character  traits expected from professional communities like attorneys and accountants. Ethical Theories Know the difference between a justice or rights approach, and prescriptive and descriptive approaches, and which  theories are in these categories when that is applicable Justice and Rights approach
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o The theory of rights is the theory that is free from force and fraud.  It is virtually free from government  involvement.  It disregards the interests of others with stake in behavior.  
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2010 for the course BA BA 300 taught by Professor Gwinn during the Fall '10 term at San Diego State.

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Study Guide Exam 2 - EthicalTheoriesandApproaches...

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