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Reading Quiz 5 - phenotype is appearance genotype is the...

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Reading Quiz 5-Mendel I What was the central claim of the theory of blending inheritance? *The physical matter responsible for traits blends within individuals, like pigments in    paint. What does it mean to say that an acquired character can be inherited? * If an individual's traits change over the course of its lifetime, those changes will be    passed on to offspring. What is a model organism? * A species that is easy to work on. Also, results from this species are relevant to   many other species. What is another name for a pure-breeding line or population? * homozygous Which of the following is correct? * F1s are the first generation in an experimental cross; F2s are the second. What is the difference between an individual’s phenotype and genotype?
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Unformatted text preview: * phenotype is appearance; genotype is the alleles present Which of the following characterizes a dominant allele? * Heterozygotes show its phenotype. What's the difference between a gene and an allele? * An allele is a version of a gene. What is a monohybrid cross? * An experiment where you are tracking the inheritance of a single trait, with parents that are heterozygous for the genes associated with that trait. What's a gamete? (Note that this term is used in the reading but not explicitly defined. If you need to, you can look it up in the glossary--the green-tipped pages in the back of the book.) * A reproductive cell (sperm or egg)....
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