Psych notes - LEARNING learning: a relatively permanent...

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LEARNING le arning: a relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience The question? HOW do we learn? The Associationists Provide one answer to the question, “How do organisms learn?” Origin: philosophers such as John Locke, David Humes, John Stuart Mill The “Empirisists” Basic Claim : all forms of learning reflect one mechanism, and all organisms learn by this mechanism Mechanism: ASSOCIATION -associating a stimulus with another stimulus or a stimulus with a response Example of an Association My encounter with a vicious big black dog S(dog) S(getting bitten) S=stimulus S(dog) R(run) S(treats rattling in dish) S(eat tasty treat) S(treats rattling in dish) R(cats come running) Behaviorism 1915-1965 School of psychology which believes that all learning can be accounted for in terms of learned associations Two Types of “Associative Learning” classical conditioning (Pavlov, Watson) -associate 2 stimuli operant conditioning (Skinner) -associate stimulus with a response *Every day of your life you are being conditioned!! Pavlov and Classical Conditioning 1. Pavlov’s observations S(food in mouth)->R(slobbering) *innate S(dog dish) R(slobbering) *learned
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S(footsteps) R(slobbering) *learned 2. Pavlov’s experiments with dogs Method a.) placed dog in a harness b.) put tube in dog’s mouth to capture saliva c.) at meal time, just before giving the dog its food, ring bell d.) repeat this procedure over several days Before “learning” S(food) R(slobbering) S(bell) No response After “learning” S(food) R(slobber) S(bell) R(slobber)
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Passer during the Spring '07 term at University of Washington.

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Psych notes - LEARNING learning: a relatively permanent...

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