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darwinpdf - Introduction to Evolutionary Mechanisms...

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Introduction to Evolutionary Mechanisms Evolution - what is it? Darwin and the Beagle Early evolutionary insights Influences on Darwin Darwin’s major hypotheses
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Darwin’s achievements Transformed biological science Both style and content Still the cornerstone of biology Now the cutting edge of psychology Transformed attitudes of humanity to our place in the universe
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Lifeline Born 1809 Study (Edinburgh and Cambridge) 1825- 1831 Voyage of the Beagle 1831-36 Retired to Down 1842 The Origin of Species 1859 Died 1882 Picture 4 Darwin’s home at Down, near London
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His books (not just on evolution) Beagle voyage Coral reefs Volcanic islands Geology of South America Barnacles Species Man Emotions Climbing plants Domestication Cross and self fertilisation Orchids Worms Autobiography
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Contribution to style of science Pre-Darwin, science was done in homage to God Was primarily descriptive Deduction and theorising was disparaged as “speculation” Darwin used detailed observation to explore much larger questions - helped change scientific methods
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Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. – Theodosius Dobzhansky Evolution Charles Darwin in later years Darwin and Wallace Simultaneously arrived at Similar insight - Natural Selection through survival of the fittest
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Darwin’s Ideas Did Not Develop in a Vacuum Contributor’s to Darwin’s thinking included: Georges Cuvier – species extinction.
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