darwinpdf - Introduction to Evolutionary Mechanisms •...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Evolutionary Mechanisms • Evolution - what is it? • Darwin and the Beagle • Early evolutionary insights • Influences on Darwin • Darwin’s major hypotheses Darwin’s achievements • Transformed biological science – Both style and content – Still the cornerstone of biology – Now the cutting edge of psychology • Transformed attitudes of humanity to our place in the universe Lifeline • Born 1809 • Study (Edinburgh and Cambridge) 1825- 1831 • Voyage of the Beagle 1831-36 • Retired to Down 1842 • The Origin of Species 1859 • Died 1882 P ic tu r e 4 Darwin’s home at Down, near London His books (not just on evolution) • Beagle voyage • Coral reefs • Volcanic islands • Geology of South America • Barnacles • Species • Man • Emotions • Climbing plants • Domestication • Cross and self fertilisation • Orchids • Worms • Autobiography Contribution to style of science • Pre-Darwin, science was done in homage to God • Was primarily descriptive • Deduction and theorising was disparaged as “speculation” • Darwin used detailed observation to explore much larger questions - helped change scientific methods Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. – Theodosius Dobzhansky Evolution Charles Darwin in later years Darwin and Wallace Simultaneously arrived at Similar insight - Natural Selection through survival of the fittest Darwin’s Ideas Did Not Develop in a Vacuum Contributor’s to Darwin’s thinking included: Georges Cuvier – species extinction....
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darwinpdf - Introduction to Evolutionary Mechanisms •...

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