2010 Piaget, Core Knowledge, Vygotsky

2010 Piaget, Core Knowledge, Vygotsky - Cognitive...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Cognitive development: Piagetian Cognitive development: Piagetian theory theory Despite the fact that Piaget’s theory has been modified by subsequent research there are good reasons to study his theory: Why Piaget? Why Piaget? • It can still be used to explain children’s behaviour • It has stimulated a great deal of research that has greatly improved our understanding of cognitive development Definition of cognition Definition of cognition • The act or process of knowing –Emphasises not what is known but the process, or how knowledge develops –E.g., not if we can do multiplication sums, but how we do them
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Piaget’s stages of cognitive Piaget’s stages of cognitive development development Stage Age 1 Sensorimotor birth – 18mth/2 yrs 2 Preoperational approx 2 – 7 yrs 3 Concrete operations approx 7 – 11 yrs 4 Formal operations 12 yr + What is a stage theory? Jean Piaget: The man Jean Piaget: The man • Jean Piaget is the “grandfather” of cognitive development. He was trained as a biologist in Switzerland and did a PhD in biology at 21 years. He then studied epistemology, the study of knowledge, & worked in Paris with Binet and Simon who produced the first standardised intelligence test. • Piaget became more fascinated by the wrong answers children gave than by their correct answers & he concluded from his observations that children's thinking was qualitatively different from adults' thinking. Reflecting his biological training, he saw intelligence as a form of biological adaptation & he was interested in establishing stages of the development of thought -a stage theory. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS Adaptation / \ Assimilation: Accommodation: New knowledge Mental structures is added are changed Scheme: The basic unit of knowledge, e.g., sucking scheme
Background image of page 2
Examples Examples Assimilation : • Cherries & radishes; Kittens Accomodation: • Wooden boat Equilibrium Piaget’s methodologies Piaget’s methodologies • Naturalistic observation (own 3 children) • The clinical interview: –Pose a problem –Observe response –Follow-up Criticisms from experimental psychs Inaccurate observations! Inaccurate observations!
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 16

2010 Piaget, Core Knowledge, Vygotsky - Cognitive...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online