MOC_CS05_OrganicNomenclature01

MOC_CS05_OrganicNomenclature01 - MCAT Organic Chemistry...

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RapidLearningCenter.com © Rapid Learning Inc. All Rights Reserved MCAT Organic Chemistry – Core Concept Cheat Sheet 05: Organic Nomenclature I Key Chemistry Terms Alkane : A compound that contains carbon-carbon single bonds. C C Alkene : A compound that contains carbon-carbon double bonds. C C Alkyne : A compound that contains carbon-carbon triple bonds. C C Alkyl : R, an alkane minus an H. Halide : X, a halogen (F, Cl, Br, I). Alkyl Halide (Haloalkane) : A compound that contains an alkyl group and a halogen. RX Nomenclature Prefixes Alkyl Prefixes : 1 – Meth; 2- Eth; 3 – Prop; 4 – But; 5 – Pent; 6 – Hex; 7 – Hept; 8 – Oct; 9 – Non; 10 - Dec . Numerical Prefixes : 1 – Mono; 2 – Di; 3 - Tri; 4 – Tetra; 5 – Penta; 6 – Hexa; 7 – Hepta; 8 – Octa; 9 – Nona; 10 – Deca. Halogen Prefixes : Fluoro, Chloro, Bromo, Iodo. IUPAC Nomenclature Rules for Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, and Alkyl Halides The longest continuous carbon chain is the parent compound.
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2010 for the course CHEM 337 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at CSU Sacramento.

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