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L1%20-%20Amines - Amines Amines The Nitrogen Containing...

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1 Amines The Nitrogen Containing Organic Molecules Amines head2right Amines are derivatives of ammonia, NH 3 , where one or more hydrogens have been replaced by an organic (R) group. Naming Primary Amines head2right When only one hydrogen has been replaced by an –R group, the –NH 2 group is treated as a substituent called the amino group. head2right Therefore, we treat the –R group as the parent chain and name accordingly. Examples: Naming Secondary and Tertiary Amines head2right When multiple hydrogens have been replaced by –R groups, the –R groups are treated a substituents. head2right To name 2 o , or 3 o amines, list the alkyl substituents in alphabetical order (including di, tri, etc…) followed by the word amine Examples: H – N : N : Diethyl amine sec -butyl-di- iso -propyl amine Naming Aromatic Amines head2right Aniline is the simplest aromatic amine. head2right Compounds are named as substituted anilines.
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