L1%20-%20Amines

L1%20-%20Amines - Amines Amines The Nitrogen Containing...

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1 Amines The Nitrogen Containing Organic Molecules Amines h Amines are derivatives of ammonia, NH 3 , where one or more hydrogens have been replaced by an organic (R) group. Naming Primary Amines h When only one hydrogen has been replaced by an –R group, the –NH 2 group is treated as a substituent called the amino group. h Therefore, we treat the –R group as the parent chain and name accordingly. Examples: Naming Secondary and Tertiary Amines h When multiple hydrogens have been replaced by –R groups, the –R groups are treated a substituents. h To name 2 o , or 3 o amines, list the alkyl substituents in alphabetical order (including di, tri, etc…) followed by the word amine Examples: H – N : N Diethyl amine sec -butyl-di- iso -propyl amine Naming Aromatic Amines h Aniline is the simplest aromatic amine. h Compounds are named as substituted anilines. h An italic “ N ” is used to indicate that an alkyl group is attached to the nitrogen and not to the ring.
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2010 for the course CHEM 337 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at CSU Sacramento.

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L1%20-%20Amines - Amines Amines The Nitrogen Containing...

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