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Running head: QUALITATIVE RESEARCH 1Qualitative Research Study on Post-Operative Pain Ashleigh Holomon Aspen UniversityAuthor NoteN494 Essentials of Nursing ResearchDr. Keshea Britton March 23, 2020
2QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Qualitative Research Study on Post-Operative PainVan Dijk and colleagues (2016) conducted a study to explore the process that patients experiencing postoperative pain used to assign a number for their pain on the numeric rating scale (NRS). The project also sought to unearth the considerations that influenced the pain-level scoring process. It was done at the University Medical Center Utrecht, involving individuals admitted therein. Motivated by the multiplicity of scores that emerged when patients rated their pain experience, this qualitative approach tried to unearth the perspective on the pain rating process. This essay critically appraises the mentioned research to understand its appropriateness in postoperative pain analysis. To this end, the assessment focus on several qualitative attributes.Type of Qualitative Research Design Utilized to Conduct the StudyGrounded theory is the qualitative research design used in this study. It is recommended for qualitative research because it identifies the situated and contingent nature of knowledge and practice respectively. It does so by providing a systematic approach for collecting and analyzing data about a phenomenon (Lawrence & Tar, 2013). Validity, Trustworthiness, and Credibility of the ResultsPurposive sampling was used to choose the participants. The researchers relied on baseline criteria to determine the eligibility of the patients from a university hospital. They were to have undergone surgery a day before their participation and had to be experiencing pain at the time, with at least a score of 4 on the numeric rating scale (NRS). The researchers also expanded to guarantee patient diversity. Although the sample was homogenous at the beginning of the sampling process, the considerations of prior cases with the NRS scoring rate and previous pain experiences, along with ethnicity, age, and gender were taken into account. Besides, the accuracy