Study Notes

Study Notes - Culture separates us from other species on...

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Culture separates us from other species on earth Culture is hard to separate from our physical existence Culture is: legitimating, beliefs, and empathy Children require a longer period of development before independence unlike other animals Mergence of resources are essential to our culture (Physiology and Physical) Language-symbolic structure Human cognitive-we have given up genetic programming and choose to program ourselves Archaeological record-use of tools o Upright walking o Use of fire o Use of tools o Threshold of reflection o Development of speech Prehistory-before writing Ancient-ambiguous Paleolithic-refers to food gathering stage of human development- the old “stone” age Neolithic-refers to food producing stage of human development- the new “stone” age o Neolithic leads to settlements and beginning of monumental architecture Bronze age follows Neolithic With food growing comes permanent settlements Bronze age brings urban design into the equation Bronze Iron (civilization of Greece, 1000 B.C) Global Warning (Jim Hansen) Prehistoric sites in Europe o Casqued Cave, France-entrance 25 ft below sea level o Lascaux “aerial gallery”, “halls of the bulls” Willendorf-town of Austria (Venus of Willendorf)
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o 30,000 years old artifact (they were all female and faceless) and ample in size Lespunge-ivory that’s been soaked in charcoal o Connection between female and moon (myths) o Male solar connections (Egypt) Laussel-architecture helps cultures establish roles in society. Venus of Laussel-carved in face of cliff (20000 years ago) o Two gestures- holding a horn and the other hand on her womb o Horn associated with regeneration (ex. Deer and their horns) Sky is key to many religious because events are ordered and predictable (day and night) Crescent moon looks like a horn Changes of seasons can relieve things about the sky “Horn of plenty” cornucopia symbol of thanksgiving abundance of the harvest George Washington and the cherry tree o Pattern of belief that is shared o Contains important issues Mythic Benefactor Ben Franklin and George Washington o Ben Franklin=electricity and discovering Gulf Stream decided to check the temperature of the water o Albert Einstein=benign=atomic bomb Serpent Mound in Ohio-egg in its mouth Spirals are found in many carves Serpent is crucial in mythology Megaliths comes from two Greek words: mega(great) and lithos(stone) o There are around 40000 to 50000 megaliths in western Europe alone o Three types of megaliths found in Europe are: Dolemens(largest number) Most of these tombs were single burial sites but some have families Single standing stones Called menhirs-comes from welsh words:maen(stone) and hir(long)
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Groups of standing stones Carnac, Normandy menhirs o Thousands of stones in lines without inscriptions o
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2010 for the course ARCH 3005 taught by Professor Desmond during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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Study Notes - Culture separates us from other species on...

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