CVS Diseases L19

Obesity kidneydisease alcohol

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Unformatted text preview: ooth
muscle
in
the
walls
of
the
coronary
arteries
 relax,
blood
pressure
decreases
and
blood
can
flow
more
 smoothly
past
the
obstruc4ve
plaque
 Surgical
op4ons
exist
to
relieve
angina/prevent
MI
 –  balloon
angioplasty
 –  placement
of
a
stent
 –  bypass
surgery

 –  ar4ficial
heart
implanta4on
 Preven8ng
Heart
A(acks
 Treatments
 1 4/15/10 Treatment
 Immediate:

 Oxygen,
aspirin
 Surgery
 Medicines:
 Thromoboly4c
(dissolve
blood
clots)
 Beta
Blockers
 ACE
inhibitors
(lower
blood
pressure)
 An4coagulants/An4platelet
 An4‐anxiety
 Risk
Factors
 Previous
cardiovascular
disease
 Age
 Tobacco
smoking
 Lipid
levels
(triglycerides,
high
LDL,
low
HDL)
 Diabetes
 High
blood
pressure
 Obesity
 Kidney
disease
 Alcohol
 Drugs
(cocaine,
methamphetamines)
 Chronic
stress
 Conges4ve
heart
failure
is
due
to
a
weak
heart
 –  with
age,
many
hearts
simply
weaken
and
fail
to
push
 enough
blood
through
the
circulatory
system
 –  a
weakened
leO
ventricle
fails
to
move
the
blood,
 allowing
fluid
to
back
up
and
leak
into
the
lungs,
causing
 pulmonary
edema
 –  increasingly
common
now
that
more
people
are
living
to
 old
age
 Conges8ve
He...
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2010 for the course BIOL 125 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Hunter.

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