CVS Diseases L19

Dietaryrestric4onsmoderateexercisereducing

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Failure
 Symptoms:

 Conges8ve
Heart
Failure
 Symptoms
of
conges4ve
heart
failure
include

 –  fa4gue
 –  difficulty
breathing
 –  tachycardia
 –  death
(as
fluid
builds
up
in
the
lungs
and
drowns
the
 respiratory
membranes)
 Surgery:
 Valve
replacement
 Heart
transplant
(2,000/year)
 VAD:
Ventricular
assist
device
 Pacemaker/defibrillators
 Medicines:
 Similar
to
MI
treatment
 Diure4cs
(decrease
BP)
 Treatment
 2 4/15/10 One
of
the
most
prevalent
CVDs
is
hypertension,
or
high
 blood
pressure

 –  hypertension
is
oOen
called
the
“silent
killer”
 because
it
may
produce
no
symptoms
before
disaster
 strikes
 –  high
blood
pressure
stresses
the
en4re
body
 –  when
systolic
blood
pressure
is
above
140
mmHG,
or
 diastolic
pressure
is
above
90
mmHG
 –  High
diastolic
number
indicates
a
decline
in
blood‐ vessel
elas4city
 –  Increased
chance
that
the
force
of
systolic
 contrac4on
will
exceed
the
capacity
of
the
 circulatory
system
 High
Blood
Pressure
 •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Headaches
 Fa4gue
 Vision
problems
 Chest
pain
 Irregular
heartbeat
 Blood
in
urine
 Pounding
in
chest,
neck,
ears
 Symptoms:
...
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2010 for the course BIOL 125 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Hunter.

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