Chicano Section 2 Notes

Chicano Section 2 Notes - Section 2 Notes Conclusion: The...

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Section 2 Notes Conclusion: The Mexican American Generation Definition: young persons of Mexican descent who came of age in the 1930-1960 period. Mostly the children of Mexican immigrants who came in the early 20 th century (immigrant gen). represented a new biological generation which began to call themselves mex Americans o Characteristics of this generation… A bilingual generation, become translators for their parents Bicultural generation… beginning to mix the immigrant culture with enlglish mainstream culture exposed to them by radio, schools, and the outside world (name changes are good example) Influenced by major historical events Great depression WWII Exposed to severe discrimination/segregation Creates new community and political leadership MAM (mex American movement) New Mexican American interests become more relevant as they are US born o 1929 – LULAC – League of United Latin American Citizens best known mex American civil rights association o 1930’s – “Spanish Speaking Congress” took on several civil rights issues such as police abuse, etc. o American GI Forum – civil rights org. of mostly mex American war vets o CSO – community service org. did voter reg, civil rights o MAPA – mex American political assoctioan Mex Americans begin to form/join labor unions (CIO unions) congress of industrial organization.
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o Helps to better job opportunities, raise Mexican wages Organized first movement for Mexican American civil rights Debunks myth that Mexicans don’t want to organize, and are very lazy “ideology” of mex American generation saw themselves as “Americans All” that every one was American, and equal believed in full and equal rights o this is the American dream for Mexicans supported the idea of integration in US o Mexican schools were preventing equal opp. For mex American children Supported concept of CULTURAL PLURALISM Accepted idea that US could be society where everyone had equal rights, but was still a diverse society. o You didn’t have to give up your culture Those mex amers that were brought into US in 1848 were considered “white” o If they are white, there is no reason for segregated schools, etc. o Some mex Americans were better able to adapt to American culture than others Others living in barrios struggled with reconciling the cultural differences, went to an extreme, creating a counter culture Uncomfortable in both cultures, the ZOOT SUITERS or PACHUCOS were born o young alienated men and women attempting to create their own sense of identity in the barrios of LA zoot suit as sign of rebellion, created their own language called CALO
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o created CALO to speak to themselves, not Spanish nor English o Mexican American Civil Rights Struggles Equal Education is key to assuring equality in society Take on the schoolboards to desegreagate or at least raise the bar for Mexican schools Aimed to better the inferior Mexican schools
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2010 for the course CH ST CH ST 1A taught by Professor Garcia during the Fall '09 term at UCSB.

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Chicano Section 2 Notes - Section 2 Notes Conclusion: The...

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