17C Second Section

17C Second Section - 17C Second Section Stalin During...

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17C Second Section Stalin During Korean War Soviet enjoyed less buying power than Americans Soviet generation gap – indoctrination of children Loyalty of children goes to the state, not to their parents Crack down on “borgeous culture” and consumerism by Stalin Political prisoners of people who admire the west Thought that Russia is “brainwashing” its kids Eletion of 1952 Dwight Eisenhower and Nixon win the election Korean war continues – Eisenhower, “if elected, I will go to korea.” Campaign issues Corruption in truman admin. Communist still prevalent in uS “checker’s speech” about returning some dog… stupid Ike = a moderate republican criticizes trumans fair deal degree of continuity – gov ought to provide some benefits to people expansion of social security, increased min. wage, created dept of health education and welfare perceives communism as a force struggling for world supremacy (a threat) Ike’s cold war (and his approach) brings new look to US national security relied on nuclear deterrence used CIA
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strengehed allies, “friendly neighbor”, win hearts and minds of third world people us must go beyond containment to roll back commies Nuclear Arms Us tested H bomb, sovet gets one too BRAVO thermonuclear test – march 1, 1954 – biggest explosion yet, surprises people Arms Race Ike made veiled trheats of expanding Korean war to china Ikes surgical strike theory gave way Prepare only for nuclear war – so as to have no wars Death of Stalin, 1953 Weeks after ike first elected, stalin dies Korean war ends july 1953 Krusckev gains control by 1955 Krushchev Claimed the soviets had more nuclear weapons than US – a bluff Threatening on one hand, seeking ways to ease tensions on the other Denounces stalin in 56 Mutually assured destruction (MAD) – the use of nukes Covert Actions Overthrow of gov in Iran – 1953 Guatemala – 1954 – overthrew elected gov with help of US (Arbenz) Vietnam – weapons and dollars sent to aid overthrow Coldwar Domestic Politics Interstate highway program – justified as national defense
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41,000 miles of highway enough concrete to build 6 sidewalks to the moon McCarthyism republicans gain from mccarthy in 52 as he attacks Truman and co. next, mccarthy attacs eisenhowers nominees Eisenhower – mccarthy methods distasteful Army hearings on TV, objects to promotions in the army… these do him in, people realize hes NUTS Senate censure – 1954 – censorship of mccarthy, his downfall J. Robert Oppenheimer Father of atom bomb He did not want to work on H bomb – pissed off gov Ike put “wall” betweek opp. And nuclear secrets 1954 – atomic energy commission revokes his security clearance Continuity – GI bill impact became clearer – disparity in how bill plays out growth in college education from 15 to 40%
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2010 for the course HIST 17c taught by Professor Kaulman during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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17C Second Section - 17C Second Section Stalin During...

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