Anthro 2 � The Four Fields

Anthro 2 � The Four Fields - Anthro2TheFourFields

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Anthro 2 – The Four Fields 29/09/2008 13:00:00 REGISTER FOR ETHICS PROJECT – Deadline end of next week www.publicanthropology.net  [Credit Card-$10] Humans In Time and Space Anatomically modern humans – 200,000 years Agriculture practiced – 10,000 years Complex societies – 6,000 years Industrial Revolution – 200 years Computer – 50 years Genetic Engineering – 20 years 7 billon people all over the planet o How to understand all this human history? Four Field Approach Carried over from the early years of the discipline Helps us make sound conclusions about “human nature” Comparative method (Pre)Historical perspective Physical Anthropology (Biological Anthropology) Human Biological diversity o Evolution of bodies
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o Human genetics o Plasticity – bodies are fitting certain types of environments over time o Primatology – study the bodies/behaviors and social aspects of  primate groups; make interpretations/comparisons on what human  ancestors may have been like Reconstruct cultural/social aspects of human evolution Adaptation: Culture and Biology See Chart in Book Ch1 table 1.1 Archeology Artifacts Deposition Stratigraphy - the branch of geology concerned with the order and relative  position of strata and their relationship to the geological time scale Preservation –  Materiality of Archeology Environment/Economy Long-term social change Social relations? Ideas? “Love is fleeting, stone tools are forever”  Linguistics Historical Linguists  o Ancient languages - find similarities between languages to find when  groups separated
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o Variation through time Sociolinguistics o Relationships between social and linguistic variation to understand  patterns of thought Social/Cultural Anthropology Ethnography – focus on particular details of human life o Fieldwork in a particular culture Ethnology – take cultures and compare to reach general conclusions o Cross Cultural comparison Ethnography and Ethnology See Chart 1.2 in Book Four fields Examples of questions that involve biology, culture and society What biological changes enabled language? What social effects did language  have? How do ideas about gender shape bodies?
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Anthro 2 – Culture and Ethics 29/09/2008 13:00:00 Common uses of the word Art, music, dance, lectures, etc. (fine arts) The “culture” of specific people, nationalities, groups or the group itself History of Concept First: o Cultivation, education; culturing humans is teaching certain ways Later: o “Civilization”: independent process of human development
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course ANTHRO 2 taught by Professor Walsh during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Anthro 2 � The Four Fields - Anthro2TheFourFields

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