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Lecture 15 Health and Well-Being

Lecture 15 Health and Well-Being - s health beliefs Lecture...

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Sorted by length/ duration healthier ss, health beliefs e to germs, brain and other nervous system development s, family relationships, social support Health & Illness Lecture 15. Health and Well-Being • Stress: How stressed are you? - Coping: Relaxation response! - Eating disorders - Meditation! •Stress *Homeostasis = Internal balance and a state of equanimity *Stress =Anything that takes you away from homeostasis -A pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events that match or exceed an organism's ability to respond. *Eustress ; good stress -Winning a million dollars -Getting married; having a baby -marathon *Distress -Taking an exam -Fighting with your parents -What do you find stressful? •Stressors and stress response (due to daily hassles (small, day-to-day irritation)) *Stressors = Life events that cause stress (stress= response) *Stress reactions = Our response to changes in our environment *Coping response = Any response to avoid, escape from, or minimize something stressful *Acute stress = Short-lived and brief *Chronic stress = Long-lasting and frequent ; ex. Just being in a college; thinking about upcoming exams/ Chronic stress impairs the immune system response •Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) 1.You perceive a stressor 2.Your hypothalamus releases a chemical message. 3.The pituitary gland receives this message, and releases hormones into the blood. 4.The adrenal glands respond by releasing cortisol the stress hormone!; expect fight-or-flight •Sex Differences in Response to Stress (adaptive) *Fight-or-Flight- more in men
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*Tend-and-Befriend -more common in women -tend and care for offspring -form social alliances -Oxytocin: hormones for the bonding of mothers to infants
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