Lecture__1- intro to phych

Lecture__1- intro to phych - 1 Intro to Psychology What do...

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1. Intro to Psychology What do you think when you think about psychology? - The study of brain, mind, and behavior - The Study of the brain: - Electro-chemical reactions and cell actions - The structures and functions of the brain - The study of behavior: - Very broad term - Driving a car - Playing Basketball - Brain activity - Anything that can be observed or measured - The Study of mind: - unobservable mental states and processes that can be inferred from behavior - The mind is powerful enough to bias one’s perception of reality The History of Psychology: some of the big names, ideas, and movement throughout the history of psychology The Roots of Psychology - long ago, people had desires ad though (eg. to hunt) - Not long after that, people though about thinking - Psychology has been around informally since the dawn of thought, but only in the past 100 years has it became a scientific investigation - Why are you taking this course? Ancient and Medieval Views - Philosophers: Epistemology (h ): “How do we know?” Nature- Plato’s Rationalism and the notion of innate ideas (Nativism )- h - we are born with innate ideas or concepts (eg. beauty) Nurture - Aristotle’s Associationism and experiential approach (empiricism)-h - learning from connections, contiguity, simliarity, contrast - Nature vs. Nuture The Scientific Method - Rene Descartes: - Mind/Body Dualism: - Mind and body co-occur as separate entitles, but they interact by way of the pineal gland - Philosopher - Mathematician - Physiologist - Psychologist Empiricism - John Locke - the idea that experience is the source of knowledge Materialism -Thomas Hobbes - Materialism: all entities and proccesses are composed of, or reducible to, matter, material forces, or physical components - This denies spiritual forces Franz Joseph Gall’s Phrenology -h - It put Psychology in the brain - It is a pseudoscience - Localizaitonism: views ind as divided into mental faculties Natural Selection and Evolution - In the Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals, Charles Darwin talked about the evolution of the signals that animals use to communicate and relates them to human emotional expression- the first steps toward sociobiology and evolutionary psychology 1. Wilhelm Wundt- Late 19th
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- first psychology laboratory (1879) Leipzig- institute in Germany; - Defined psychology as the scientific study of the mind (mentalism ) - Structuralism- analyzed mind into elemental parts (Edward Titchener)
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Lecture__1- intro to phych - 1 Intro to Psychology What do...

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