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BIOLOGY 12 LEARNING OUTCOMES BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES & CELL COMPOUNDS - CHAPTER 2 PAGE 19-44, CHAPTER 11 PAGE 209-211 1. Describe how the polarity of the water molecules results in hydrogen bonding. (pg 26) (B1) 2. Describe the role of water as a solvent, temperature regulator, lubricant. (pg 27-28) (B2) 3. distinguish among acids, bases, and buffers, and indicate the importance of pH to biological systems. (pg 29-30) (B3) 4. demonstrate knowledge of synthesis and hydrolysis as applied to organic polymers. (pg 31) (C1) 5. distinguish among carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids with respect to chemical structure. (pg32-41) (C2) 6. recognize the empirical formula of a carbohydrate. (pg 32) (C3) 7. differentiate among monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides. (pg 32- 33) (C4) 8. differentiate among starch, cellulose, and glycogen. (pg 32-33) (C5) 9. list main functions of carbohydrates (pg33) (C6) 10. compare and contrast saturated and unsaturated fats in terms of molecular structure (pg 34-35) (C7) 11. describe location/ explain importance of the following in the human body: neutral fats, steroids, phospholipids (pg34-35) (C8) 12. draw a generalized amino acid and identify the amine, acid (carboxyl), and R-group. (pg 37) (C9) 13. Differentiate among the primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure of protein. (pg 38-39) ( C10) 14. List the major functions of proteins. (pg37) (C11) 15. Relate the general structure of Atp molecule to it’s role as energy currency of cells. (pg41) (C12) 16. Use examples to demonstrate how negative feedback and positive feedback related to homeostasis. (pg209-211) DNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS CHAPTER 24, P.489-510 1. Name the four bases in DNA and describe the structure of DNA using the following terms: a. nucleotide ( sugar, phosphate, base) (p.492) b. complementary base pairing (p.492) c. double helix(p. 492) d. hydrogen bonding (p.492) 2. describe DNA replication with reference to three basic steps: a. unzipping (pg493) b. complementary base pairing (pg493) c. joining of adjacent nucleotides (pg 493)
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3. define recombinant DNA (pg502) 4. Describe 3 uses of recombinant DNA (pg 502-503) 5. compare and contrast the general structural composition of DNA and RNA (pg 492- 494) 6. demonstrate a knowledge of the basic steps of protein synthesis, identifying the roles of DNA, mRNA, tRNA and ribosomes in the processes of transcription and translation (pg 495-499) 7. determine the sequence of amino acids coded for by a specific DNA sequence , given a table of mRNA codons (pg 496) 8. give examples of 2 environmental mutagens that can cause mutations in humans (pg 500) 9. use examples to explain how mutations in DNA affect protein synthesis and may lead to genetic disorders, (pg 500) CELL STRUCTURE CHAPTER 3, p. 45-66 1. Describe the following cell structures and their functions: a. cell membrane ( p.47) b. mitochondria ( 58) c. smooth and rough E.R (p.54) d. ribosomes (p.54) e. golgi bodies (p.55) f. vesicles ( p.56)
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2010 for the course BIOLOGY BIO-1B taught by Professor Dehaan during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley College.

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