3- Introduction To Torts -Students- ACC330 - ALW380

3- Introduction To Torts -Students- ACC330 - ALW380 -...

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Introduction to Torts
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What Is a Tort? The best definition of tort is wrong. The word is derived from the Latin  torquere , to  twist. To commit a tort is to do something twisted or  crooked – to carry out an action that is wrong. It is a civil wrong.
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What Is a Tort? Contd. . It is possible for wrongful conduct to be  both a tort and a crime.
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What Is a Tort? Contd. . Crimes are social wrongs that affect  society as a whole  Some crimes are also torts  A tort is an inherently  wrongful act that causes  injury to another  
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Tort law Tort law is the field of law which  recognizes and recompenses injuries  inflicted upon a  persons body,  dignity and privacy, to a person's  property or proprietary interests in a  business. 
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Tort Tort law is designed to provide  compensation for injury or damages  suffered.
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Damages in tort are generally awarded to  place the claimant in the position he/she  would have been in had the tort not taken  place.  Damages
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Damages Contd. . There are three types of damages that the court may order :   nominal damages  -- small monetary amounts awarded in  situations where a plaintiff was wronged, but did not suffer  any real hardship from the wrong.  compensatory damages  -- monetary amounts awarded to  reimburse a plaintiff for all financial loss suffered. (These  include general damages awarded for unspecified injury  (e.g. pain and suffering), and specific damages awarded  for all specific losses .)  pun itive damages  -- monetary amounts reserved for  situations in which the court feels that the plaintiff has  acted in a callous fashion, and that a deterrent message  needs to be sent to the defendant and public at large (to  pun ish).  
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Damages Contd. . Aggravated Damages – awarded when  the defendant’s high handed and  oppressive conduct has increased the  plaintiff’s humiliation and anxiety and has  aggravated the plaintiff’s suffering,
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What else may a Court Order? In cases where goods are involved, a  court may order the  return of the goods   to the rightful owner.  An  injunction  is also a possibility in a  tort action, if harm is ongoing. 
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Categories of Tort Intentional or  deliberate acts  that cause injury  or loss ( Physical  aggression , e.g.  Assault and  Battery and  Business Torts   e.g. Passing Off) Careless or negligent acts that cause injury or loss Strict Liability Torts - Rule in Rylands v. Fletcher
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Intentional Torts Intentional torts take place when  someone deliberately comes into contact  with another person or his or her property  to the point where damage is done.  Examples Assault and Battery False Imprisonment Defamation
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. Assault and Battery (Tort)
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2010 for the course ACF ALW380 taught by Professor Henry during the Fall '10 term at Seneca.

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3- Introduction To Torts -Students- ACC330 - ALW380 -...

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