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Running Head: SOCIAL SOLIDARITY AND THE DIVISION OF LABOR1Social Solidarity and the Division of LaborXXXXAmerican Military University
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY AND THE DIVISION OF LABOR2Social Solidarity and the Division of LaborEmile Durkheim was a French sociologist with a historically religious and academicbackground (Adams & Sydie, 2002). The Division of Laborwas the first book written and published by Durkheim to provide his theories and thoughts on the division of labor and social solidarity. Durkheim thought that social solidarity is transformed by the division of labor and thatthe division of labor in modern society developsthe “source-if not the sole, at least the main one-of social solidarity” (Adams & Sydie, 2002, p. 93). Durkheim’s thesis on social solidarity in different types of societies focuses on mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. According to Durkheim, social solidarity, collective consciousness, social class, gender, and the functionalist perspective are necessary for society to function appropriately. Emile Durkheim’s thesis on the division of labor explained how collective consciousness and social solidarity grasp society together and allow society to function as a whole.Social Solidarity and the Division of LaborThere two major categories of social solidarity that are tied to the division of labor withinsociety, including mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. The “division of labor itself thus produces social solidarity” through social structure and coherence (Adams & Sydie, 2002, p. 94).The division of labor is the formation of specific jobs for specific individuals based on their abilities and aptitudes.Emile Durkheim identifies that social order within society is the outcome of the division of labor. Additionally, thetwo concepts of social solidarity, including mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity, Durkheim recognized that they impacted social cohesion within society (Adams & Sydie, 2002).
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY AND THE DIVISION OF LABOR3Organic solidarity is society is classified as a complex division of labor. Individuals