Chapter 4 Learning ObjectivesExplain why Social Structure is important in our Interactions with OthersSocial Interaction: Process by which people act toward or respond to other people and is the foundation for all relationships and groups in society.Social Structure: Complex framework of societal institutions and the social practices thatmake up a society and that organize and establish limits on people’s behavior. It’s important for the survival of society and for the well being of individuals because it provides a social web of familial support and social relationships that connects each of usto the larger society. Provides the framework within which we interact with othersCreates order and predictability in a society (Functionalist theorists)Allow us to interpret the social situations we encounterHelps people make sense out of their environment even when they find themselves on thestreet.Creates boundaries that define which will be the “outsiders”Distinguish among Ascribed, Achieved, and Master Statuses, and give examplesStatus:Social defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and duties. Status Set: Comprises all the statuses that a person occupies at a given timeAscribed Status:Social position conferred at birth or received involuntarily later in life based on attributes over which the individual has little or no control.Achieved Status:Social position that a person assumes voluntarily as a result of a personal choice, merit, or direct effort. Master Statuses:Is the most important status a person occupies: being rich, education, occupation, etc…Status Symbols:Material signs that inform others of a person’s specific statusExplain each of These Components: Role, Role Expectation, Role Performance, Role Conflict, Role Strain, and Role ExitRole:Set of behavioral expectations associated with a given statusRole Expectation:Group’s or society’s definition of the way that a specific role ought tobe playedRole Performance:How a person actually plays a roleRole Conflict:Occurs when incompatible role demands are placed on a person by two or more statuses held at the same timeRole Strain:Occurs when incompatible demands are built into a single status that a person occupies. Role Exit:Occurs when people disengage from social roles that have been central to their self-identity.Social Group: Two or more people who interacts frequently and share a common identity and a feeling of interdependence.
Primary Groups:Small, less specialized group in which members engage in face-to-face, emotion-based interactions over an extended period of time. Secondary Group:Larger, more specialized group in which members engage in more-impersonal, goal-oriented relationships for a limited period of time.Formal Organization:Is a highly structured group formed for the purpose of completing certain task or achieving a specific goal. Compare functionalism and conflict views on social institutions