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CD2Ch1Aslides - Child Development Theories Psychoanalytic...

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Child Development Theories Psychoanalytic Theory Learning Theory Cognitive Development Theory Sociocultural Theory Bioecologocial Theory
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Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud -- early 1900s Development based on meeting needs (instinct) Id, Ego, Superego interact to meet needs Psychosexual stages of development (oral, anal, etc. stages) People who don’t resolve the issue of each stage get “stuck” in that stage for their life
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Erik Erikson -- 1940s to 1960s 8 Psychosocial stages of development Each stage is a conflict the child must resolve How society or parents respond to the child in each stage determines if the child succeeds or fails to resolve the conflict of that stage Typical Psychoanalytic comment: “(S)he must never have learned to trust people when (s)he was a little kid.”
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Learning Theory Classical Conditioning Pavlov Watson Operant Conditioning BF Skinner Social Learning Bandura
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Classical Conditioning Pavlov believed behavior is the result of learning Dog+ food=saliva Dog+food+bell = saliva Dog+bell = saliva Watson believed behavior is observable. He is called the “Father of Behaviorism”
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Operant Conditioning BF Skinner believed Positive Reinforcement (rewards) increase a desired behavior Negative Reinforcement (punishment) decrease an undesired behavior Rewards and punishments shape behavior when given right after the behavior is demonstrated
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