NeuroanatomyTerms

NeuroanatomyTerms - CBNS106 List of Terms Page 1 of 7 LIST OF TERMS TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL EXAM Lobes of the human brain There are four uncontested

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CBNS106: List of Terms Page 1 of 7 Note: All material included in this document is required for CBNS106 and will be included in Practical Exam LIST OF TERMS TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL EXAM Lobes of the human brain. There are four uncontested lobes of the telencephalon: Frontal Lobe —conscious thought; damage can result in mood and personality changes Parietal Lobe —plays important roles in integrating sensory information from various senses, and in the manipulation of objects; portions of the parietal lobe are involved with visuospatial processing Occipital Lobe —sense of sight; lesions can produce hallucinations and abnormal vision Temporal Lobe —sense of sound, important for the processing of semantics in both speech and vision; contains hippocampus and is important for formation of memory; lesions can produce amnesia. Further: The insula is a portion of cortex in between and covered by the temporal and parietal lobes. Many sources consider it a separate lobe, and some group it with limbic structures deep in the brain into a limbic lobe. The cerebellum links sensory input with motion; this is especially involved with maintaining balance. Sometimes the cerebellum is given as a "lobe of the brain" in non-technical literature, but this is inaccurate.
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CBNS106: List of Terms Page 2 of 7 Note: All material included in this document is required for CBNS106 and will be included in Practical Exam Anatomy Lab 1: External Features (dorsal, lateral, and ventral view) Spinal cord - is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the brain. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. The spinal cord is the main pathway for information connecting the brain and peripheral nervous system. Medulla - Controls Autonomic Functions, Relays Nerve Signals Between the Brain and Spinal Cord Pons - Arousal, Sleep, Assists in Controlling Autonomic Functions Relays Sensory Information Between the Cerebrum and Cerebellum Midbrain - Controls Responses to Sight, Eye Movement, Pupil Dilation, Body Movement, Hearing Superior Colliculus – processes and carries sensory information about vision Inferior Colliculus - processes and carries sensory information about hearing Hypothalamus - Controls Autonomic Functions, Emotions, Endocrine Functions, Homeostasis, Motor Functions, Regulates Food and Water Intake, Regulates Sleep wake Cycle Pituitary gland - Produces Growth Hormone, Produces Hormones That Act on Other Endocrine Glands, Muscles and the Kidneys, Regulates Endocrine Functions, Stores Hormones Produced by the Hypothalamus
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course CBNS 106 taught by Professor Korzus during the Winter '08 term at UC Riverside.

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NeuroanatomyTerms - CBNS106 List of Terms Page 1 of 7 LIST OF TERMS TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL EXAM Lobes of the human brain There are four uncontested

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