Indian Nationalism and Independence.ppt - THE BIRTH OF TWO...

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THE BIRTH OF TWO NATIONSINDIAN INDEPENDENCE AND THE CREATION OF PAKISTAN
India Under the British Raj: 1858-1947India was the “Jewel of the Crown” of the British EmpireRuled by a Viceroy, or Governor, appointed by the BritishIndian citizens had limited political role or say in government
The Indian National CongressFormed in 1885Claimed to representall Indians! Hindus outnumbered Muslims 2:1Middle class, Western educated, professionalsLed to rise of nationalism!
India: Indian National CongressWanted social equality with BritishWanted ____________________– voice in the governmentWanted to prevent mass peasant uprisingWanted to use peaceful methods to reach goals – had faith in British systemLocal Self-rule
India: The Muslim League FormsFormed in 1906Concerned about Muslim minority!Middle class, Western educated, professionalsLed to rise of Muslimnationalism!Muslims mistrust Hindudomination in the Congress Party
Led to rise of Muslim nationalism!Protect the interests, liberties and rights of MuslimsWanted representation in Local Self rule Promote an understanding between the Muslim community and other Indians – discourageviolence. Educate the Muslim and Indian community at large on the actions of the government India: The Muslim League Forms
INDIAN INDEPENDENCE AND PARTITION LEADERS OF THE MOVEMENT
B.G. Tilak"Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!"Radical Hindu Activist Wanted TotalIndependenceSupported use of violenceInspired Hindu Nationalism
Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali JinnahPractical Muslim LawyerWanted Local-Self Rule and remain part of British CommonwealthSupported use of political negotiationsInspired Hindu-Muslim UnityThe Hindus and the [Muslims] should stand united and use every constitutional and legitimate means to affect that transfer [of power] as soon as possible.”
FilmMohandas K. GandhiIdealist Hindu LawyerWanted Local-Self Rule and remain part of British CommonwealthSupported use of non-violent people’s movementInspired Hindu-Muslim Unity“I object to violence because it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent.”
INDIAN INDEPENDENCE AND PARTITION MAJOR EVENTS
The Lucknow Pact: 1916Jinnah proposed the Lucknow Pact Would have given Indians self-government, more parliamentary freedoms, equality in the army, and remain a part of the British CommonwealthCongress and Muslim League agreed to give voice to areas where each was a minorityRejected by the British due to World War I – No time to deal with India
WWI: 1914-19191.Britain promises India self-rule if they help fight in the war2.Gandhi supports war effort in hopes of achieving self-rule for India3.When war ends, Britain made a few reforms and refused to grant India self-government4.

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