20101021 Public Health Action in Disaster UT Austin zane

20101021 Public - Public Health Action in Disasters David Zane Community Preparedness Section Texas Department of State Health Services

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Public Health Action in Disasters David Zane Community Preparedness Section Texas Department of State Health Services Introduction to Public Health Course UT - Austin October 21, 2010
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What are we going to talk about? The public health system in Texas Public health action in disasters Hurricane Ike (2008) What we do in disasters Community assessments Track deaths How we train and prepare
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Key Message Public health people go in during post disaster situations to figure out the impact of the disaster and provide data to public health leaders to help prioritize the recovery process
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4 Public Health in Texas System is complex Must respond to: urban and rural needs vast geographical challenges access to services issues Texas is “home rule” state – local autonomy
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5 State Level Responsible for oversight and implementation of public health and behavioral health services The state level system includes 11 health service regions Regions are responsible for public health services in those areas not served by local health departments (~ 20% state population)
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6 Local Public Health 144 local health departments or districts 63 “Full Service” 81 “Limited Services” ~ 80% of state population is served by local health departments
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Why is Public Health Involved in Disasters? Abrupt increase in injury, illness, or death Destruction/disruption of health care infrastructure Population displacements Psychological stressors
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Role of Public Health in Disasters Epidemiology & Surveillance Prevention & Control Measures Research Recommendations
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Various Types of Disasters Earthquakes Volcanoes Hurricanes Tornadoes Heat Waves Cold Environments Floods Wildfires Industrial Accidents
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10 Natural Disasters in Texas Texas leads the nation in the number (83) of federally declared disasters from 1953 to 2007 Hurricane tropical storms floods tornadoes droughts wildfires
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Major US Disasters in Texas The nation's deadliest hurricane Galveston in 1900; 6,000 killed One of nation's deadliest explosions Texas City in 1947; 576 killed
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CASPER C OMMUNITY AS SESSMENT FOR P UBLIC HEALTH E MERGENCY R ESPONSE
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Key Points Teams are sent to disaster area to interview people in homes (sampled) about their public health needs Door-to-Door, household surveys 13 Assessment of public health needs is a critical obligation in Emergency Support Function 8 With well-established and proven methods, CASPER is being promoted in disaster response and planning in Texas
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Questions of Concern What are the community needs?
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2010 for the course PHB 34567 taught by Professor Riegleman during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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20101021 Public - Public Health Action in Disasters David Zane Community Preparedness Section Texas Department of State Health Services

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