Environmental Health and Safety

Environmental Health and Safety - Environmental Health and...

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Unformatted text preview: Environmental Health and Safety Richard Taylor, PhD, MPH Lesson Objectives Define the scope of morbidity and mortality caused by the physical environment Identify the range of interactions that can occur between human beings and the phsical environment Identify the components of environmental risk assessment and apply them to environmental hazards, such as lead Lesson Objectives Distinguish between risk assessment, a public health assessment, and an ecological assessment Discuss the meaning of interactions and how they may impact the size of risks Illustrate how safety issues, such as motor vehicle injuries have been addressed using a systems thinking approach. The Scope of Environmental Diseases and Injuries Environmental Diseases & Injuries Unaltered Natural Environment Altered Environment Built Environment Fluoridation of drinking water Fluoridation of drinking water Five-year averages of annual number of deaths related to coal mine explosionsUnited states, 19011995 FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH, USA, AGES 1524, 1998 CAUSE PERCENT NUMBERS (1) Accidents 51.8% 12,752 (2) Homicide 21.3% 5,233 (3) Suicide 16.3% 4,003 (4) Cancer 6.8% 1,670 (5) Heart Disease 3.9% 961 Motor Vehicle Safety Motor Vehicle Safety Assessing the physical environment Risk Assessment Public health assessment Ecological assessment Interaction analysis Systems analysis Increasing Complexity U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Risk Assessment Portal. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/risk/hazardous-identification.htm . Accessed December 14, 2008 . Deepwater Horizon Oil Disaster April 20, 2010 Public Health Assessments...
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Environmental Health and Safety - Environmental Health and...

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