N22 Magnesium Sulfate.pdf - ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATE...

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Unformatted text preview: ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATE: Medication Giuffria Kim STUDENT NAME______________________________________ Magnesium Sulfate MEDICATION___________________________________________________________________________ REVIEW MODULE CHAPTER____________ and electrolyte repaclement/supplements CATEGORY CLASS__Mineral _____________________________________________________________________ PURPOSE OF MEDICATION Expected Pharmacological Action Treatment/prevention of hypomagnesemia. Treatment of hypertension. Prevention of seizures associated with severe eclampsia, pre-eclampsia, or acute nephritis Therapeutic Use Replacement in deficiency states. Resolution of eclampsia Complications drowsiness, decreases respiratory rate, arrhythmias, bradycardia, hypotension, diarrhea, muscle weakness, flushing, sweating, hypothermia Medication Administration 8-12g/day in divided doses 1 g q 6 hours for 4 doses 4-5 g by IV infusion, concurrently with up to 5 g IM in buttock Contraindications/Precautions Hypermagnesemia, hypocalcemia, anuria, heart block, avoid using for more than 5-7 days for preterm labor, avoid continuous use during active labor or within 2 hours of delivery due to potential for magnesium toxicity in newborn Interactions Nursing Interventions Monitor for magnesium toxicity Monitor respiratory rate and BP Monitor intake and output Institute seizure precautions Monitor patellar reflex May potentiate calcium channel blockers and neuromuscular blocking agents Client Education Evaluation of Medication Effectiveness Explain the purpose of medication to patient and family Normal serum magnesium concentrations. Control of seizures associated with toxemias of pregnancy ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATES Therapeutic Procedure  A7 ...
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