FC_Ch_13_-Therapies.doc - CHAPTER 13 ~ THERAPIES...

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C H A P T E R H A P T E R 1 3 ~ T 1 3 ~ T H E R A P I E S H E R A P I E S Psychotherapy: ____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPIES: 1. Insight Therapy: psychological well-being ________________________________ (thoughts, emotions, motives, behaviour, ...etc.) .
Lecture Notes ~ Ch.13 ~ 1
3. Cognitive Therapy: _________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________
DIFFERENT PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES 1. Biological: structural or biochemical abnormality in the brain or genetic inheritance. 2. Psychodynamic: unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts or imbalance between the id, ego, and superego. 3. Learning: thoughts, feelings, and behaviours learned through classical, operant or observational learning. 4. Cognitive: faulty and negative thinking. 5. Humanistic: blocking of normal tendency toward self-actualization. TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS ECT, surgery Psychotherapy Medication PSYCHOTHERAPIES Common factors: Telling your story Supportive, non-judgmental listener Treatment approach that makes sense Specific approaches Treatment approach will always depend on the theory about the cause of the problem. Lecture Notes ~ Ch.13 ~ 2
BENEFICIAL STUFF If substance abuse, address that FIRST or alongside Stress management/self-care ________________________ Assertiveness ____________________________________ KEY FEATURES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY Therapeutic Alliance: Caring relationship between the client and therapist Therapy offers a protected setting where emotional catharsis (release) can occur All the therapies offer some explanation or rationale for the client’s suffering Provides clients with a new perspective about themselves or their situations and a chance to practise new behaviours BASIC COUNSELLING SKILLS Active listening Clarify the problem Focus on feelings Avoid giving advice Accept the client’s frame of reference Reflect thoughts and feelings

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