Product - 1 Product (business) In marketing, a product is...

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Product (business) In marketing , a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need. However it is much more than just a physical object. It is the complete bundle of benefits or satisfactions that buyers perceive they will obtain if they purchase the product. It is the sum of all physical, psychological, symbolic, and service attributes. A product is similar to goods . In accounting , goods are physical objects that are available in the marketplace. This differentiates them from a service , which is a non-material product. The term goods is used primarily by those that wish to abstract from the details of a given product. As such it is useful in accounting and economic models. The term product is used primarily by those that wish to examine the details and richness of a specific market offering. As such it is useful to marketers, managers, and quality control specialists. A "man" can also be an "experience", which like a service is intangible. However an experience is unique to the receiving individual, based upon their history. Example: amusement parks offer rides (product), acceptance of credit cards (service), and audience participation at the dolphin show (experience). My value of the dolphin show is different from yours, and to the extent I value it more, will trade more for it (money). The word "product" is also used as a pejorative term to describe teenagers who have homogenized themselves in the sense they have become indistinguishable due to their clothing, possessions, and brands they choose to display (at least at first glance). Three aspects There are three aspects to any product or service: 1. Core Benefit o In-use benefits o Psychological benefits (e.g., self-image enhancement, hope, status, self worth) o Problem reduction benefits (e.g., safety, convenience) 2. Tangible Product or Service o Product attributes and features o Quality o Styling o Packaging protection and label information o Brand name 3. Augmented Product or Service o Warranty o Installation o Delivery o Credit availability 1
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o After-sale service and maintenance Classifying products Product management involves developing strategies and tactics that will increase product demand (referred to as primary demand) over the product's life cycle . One useful technique in understanding a product is the Aspinwall Classification System . It classifies and rates products based on five variables: 1. Replacement rate (how frequently is the product repurchased?) 2. Gross margin (how much profit is obtained from each product?) 3. Buyer goal adjustment (how flexible are the buyers' purchasing habits in regards to this product?) 4. Duration of product satisfaction (how long will the product produce benefits for the user?) 5. Duration of buyer search behaviour (how long will they shop for the product?) Types of products There are several types of products: Consumer products: used by end users Industrial products: used in the production of other goods
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Product - 1 Product (business) In marketing, a product is...

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