U2-RefRevOut - ReformationandReligious Conflict Unit2Review...

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Reformation and Religious  Conflict Unit 2 Review
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Global History How did the colonization of lands in  the Americas impact the course of  European history? 
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Spanish Conquest of the  Americas Conquistadors Spanish develop a strong desire to subdue the newly  discovered lands of America  Veterans of the Reconquista, lusty single men, provide  eager manpower for the task Motives God: Convert heathen natives to the Catholic Gold: Precious metals discovered in Central and South  American Empire Glory: Make a name for oneself and enhance the prestige of  the Spanish nation
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Spanish Conquest Problem Spanish are few in number facing two powerful and highly  organized empires- The Aztecs and Inca Solutions Diplomacy- Make alliances with enemy groups; Use  deceitful tactics Weapons and Tactics- Steel and cavalry provide distinct  military advantage over wooden clubs and arrows Biological warfare- Native groups extremely weakened by  diseases like smallpox
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Settlement and Organization Encomienda System Crown grants settler an area of land and the natives who  dwell there Theory: Encomendero protects natives and teaches them  the Catholic faith Practice: System legalizes the enslavement and abuse of  natives New World Cities Traders and professionals from all over Spain also  immigrated to America to seek their fortune, settling in urban  outposts
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Spanish America: Significance Marriage and Family Because most immigrants were single men, Spanish bred  with native women to create the mestizo class Social Class Spanish recreate social hierarchy in the Americas, but this  system based on race Political In theory, the Spanish crown managed the “viceroys,” but in  practice there was little direct management Cultural and Religious Spanish and native culture blended together to create a new  culture, especially in religion where the Church came to  dominate
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Portuguese Brazil Economy Although no gold was found, Portuguese  discovered that Brazil was a great place to grow  sugar Problem: Natives began to die off rapidly,  depriving them of their source of labor Solution: Import African slaves Significance Other European groups began to copy this  practice on Caribbean islands also great for  growing sugar
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North America Britain and France Desire to become involved in the colonial game due to the  success experienced by Spanish and Portuguese Problem: They’ve claimed all the good land Solution: Piracy Solution: North America Significance French establish a strong presence in Canada English establish a presence on the east coast
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This note was uploaded on 10/29/2010 for the course EUS 35945 taught by Professor Wade during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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U2-RefRevOut - ReformationandReligious Conflict Unit2Review...

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