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7 - Social Human Sciences Department(SAHSD Centre for...

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PHD 0015 Human Development ONLINE NOTES FOSEE , MULTIMEDIA UNIVERSITY (436821-T) MELAKA CAMPUS, JALAN AYER KEROH LAMA, 75450 MELAKA, MALAYSIA. Tel 606 252 3594 Fax 606 231 8799 URL: http://fosee.mmu.edu.my/~asd/ Social & Human Sciences Department (SAHSD) Centre for Foundation Studies and Extension Education (FOSEE)
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PHD0015 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Chapter 7 PHD 0015 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT CHAPTER 7: EARLY ADULTHOOD Early Adulthood - This period is between 20 – 40 years old. - Most people are on their own for the first time, setting up and running households and proving themselves in college or on the job. - They test and expand their physical and cognitive abilities in the real world. Physical Development Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness - The link between behavior and health depicts the interrelationships among physical, cognitive and emotional aspects of development. - The main characteristics are: a. By mid 20’s functions are fully developed. b. Moderate physical activity helps maintain desirable body weight, build muscles, strengthen heart and lungs, lower blood pressure, protect against heart attacks, stroke, diabetes, cancer and osteoporosis, relieve anxiety, depression and lengthen life. c. A good balanced diet for physical and mental health is vital. d. A good 7-8 hours of sleep is vital for the body to rest. e. Excessive smoking, drinking, poor diet, overeating, sedentary life styles will lead to diseases like: i. Cancer ii. Alcoholism (cirrhosis of the liver) iii. Heart Disease iv. Obesity v. High blood pressure. Indirect Influences on Health - Income, education, and ethnicity are indirect influences on health. - Higher-income and white people rate their health better and live longer than lower income and black people. - Education is important where the less schooling people have had the greater chance that they will die from communicable diseases, injuries or chronic ailments.
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