Topic_204_OK - Topic 4 Early Childhood Physical changes...

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Topic 4 Early Childhood
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Physical changes Physical changes a between three and six age difference o children slim down and shoot up o boys - taller, heavier, more muscular than girls o internal body systems are maturing o primary teeth are present o tooth decay may occur o eat less but obese
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Physical changes Physical changes a need less sleep - sleep patterns change o develop sleep problems - e.g. enuresis o gross and fine motor skills develop rapidly due to stronger bones, muscles, lungs o handedness evident by age three
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Health and Safety Health and Safety a cold and respiratory illnesses are common help to build immunity o motor vehicle accidents - leading cause of death o nonvehicular accidents occur at home
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Cognitive development Cognitive development Piaget’s theory o second stage o preoperational stage o between 2 and 7 years old (preschoolers) o thinking becomes more sophisticated but not yet be able to use logic
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Advances of preoperational children o use of symbols - words, numbers, images, language - do not need sensorimotor contact - ank and imagine o understanding of identities - acting doesn’t change real identity o understanding of cause and effect - hear sounds and investigate
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Advances of preoperational children o ability to classify - young vs. old, girl vs. boy o understanding of number - counting o empathy - more able to understand others’ feeling o theory of mind - give opinion, solve problem, make others
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Limitations of preoperational children o centration - unable to think of several situations once - compare 2 slices of cake o irreversibility - fail to understand that an operation can go in two or more directions o focus on states rather than transformation - conservation
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Limitations of preoperational children o transductive reasoning - can’t use deductive or inductive reasoning - deductive = general to specific - inductive = specific to general - illogical reasoning o egocentrism - assume others think, perceive, and feel as they do
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Limitations of preoperational children o animism - attribute life to objects - teddy bear can talk o inability to distinguish appearance from reality - human can fly
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Piaget’s theory Piaget’s theory Types of conservation o number o length o liquid o matter o weight o area o volume
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2010 for the course FOSEE CVL1040 taught by Professor None during the Spring '09 term at Multimedia University, Cyberjaya.

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Topic_204_OK - Topic 4 Early Childhood Physical changes...

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