Unit 2.09 Similarities and Differences- Roman govt

Unit 2.09 Similarities and Differences- Roman govt -...

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classical Athens Roman Republic United States Similarities and Differences – Governments of Ancient Rome and the United States Be careful of definitions: democracy = government with the participation and consent of those being governed republic = government in which “the people” (however that term is defined) have an impact upon decisions democratic republic = a republic with democratic leanings (usually this means a representative democracy – “the people” impact decisions through direct votes, and through the election of representatives who vote on many issues) Similarities between the Roman Republic and U.S. government - both feature executive and legislative branches - both systems have checks and balances embedded - the head executives can be removed from power by legislators - the head executives have military responsibilities - both lead executives have veto power - the executives are charged with enforcing the laws - the legislative bodies make laws and control the budgets
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Unformatted text preview: -written law codes exist in both societies-political divisions exist in both (Rome = patricians vs. plebeians / U.S. = citizens of a more liberal persuasion vs. citizens of a more conservative persuasion)-wealthy people are more likely to get elected-both place the authority of the state above that of the individual Differences between the Roman Republic and U.S. government-Roman system did not have a separate judicial branch-Roman consuls (2 people) served 1-year terms / U.S. presidents (1 person) serve 4-year terms-Rome had a provision for a dictator to take over / the U.S. does not-Roman consuls had religious duties / the U.S. president does not-Romans continued to own slaves / Americans do not-Roman senators served for life / American senators have 6-year terms-Roman women were not allowed to participate in politics / American women are allowed-Rome had rigid social classes / the U.S. has more flexible social classes...
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course EE 423 taught by Professor Mitin during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Unit 2.09 Similarities and Differences- Roman govt -...

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